Mathematische Zeitschrift

, Volume 247, Issue 3, pp 643–662 | Cite as

Riesz transform, Gaussian bounds and the method of wave equation

  • Adam Sikora


For an abstract self-adjoint operator L and a local operator A we study the boundedness of the Riesz transform AL−α on L p for some α > 0. A very simple proof of the obtained result is based on the finite speed propagation property for the solution of the corresponding wave equation. We also discuss the relation between the Gaussian bounds and the finite speed propagation property. Using the wave equation methods we obtain a new natural form of the Gaussian bounds for the heat kernels for a large class of the generating operators. We describe a surprisingly elementary proof of the finite speed propagation property in a more general setting than it is usually considered in the literature.

As an application of the obtained results we prove boundedness of the Riesz transform on L p for all p ∈ (1,2] for Schrödinger operators with positive potentials and electromagnetic fields. In another application we discuss the Gaussian bounds for the Hodge Laplacian and boundedness of the Riesz transform on L p of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on Riemannian manifolds for p > 2.


General Setting Wave Equation Electromagnetic Field Riemannian Manifold Large Class 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mathematical SciencesNew Mexico State UniversityLas CrucesUSA

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