Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis

, Volume 230, Issue 3, pp 939–975 | Cite as

Enhanced Dissipation and Axisymmetrization of Two-Dimensional Viscous Vortices

  • Thierry Gallay


This paper is devoted to the stability analysis of the Lamb–Oseen vortex in the regime of high circulation Reynolds numbers. When strongly localized perturbations are applied, it is shown that the vortex relaxes to axisymmetry in a time proportional to \({Re^{2/3}}\) , which is substantially shorter than the diffusion time scale given by the viscosity. This enhanced dissipation effect is due to the differential rotation inside the vortex core. Our result relies on a recent work by Li et al. (Pseudospectral and spectral bounds for the Oseen vortices operator, 2017, arXiv:1701.06269), where optimal resolvent estimates for the linearized operator at Oseen’s vortex are established. A comparison is made with the predictions that can be found in the physical literature, and with the rigorous results that were obtained for shear flows using different techniques.


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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut FourierUniversité Grenoble Alpes et CNRSGièresFrance

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