Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis

, Volume 188, Issue 1, pp 93–116 | Cite as

Solutions to the Pólya–Szegö Conjecture and the Weak Eshelby Conjecture

  • Hyeonbae KangEmail author
  • Graeme W. Milton


Eshelby showed that if an inclusion is of elliptic or ellipsoidal shape then for any uniform elastic loading the field inside the inclusion is uniform. He then conjectured that the converse is true, that is, that if the field inside an inclusion is uniform for all uniform loadings, then the inclusion is of elliptic or ellipsoidal shape. We call this the weak Eshelby conjecture. In this paper we prove this conjecture in three dimensions. In two dimensions, a stronger conjecture, which we call the strong Eshelby conjecture, has been proved: if the field inside an inclusion is uniform for a single uniform loading, then the inclusion is of elliptic shape. We give an alternative proof of Eshelby’s conjecture in two dimensions using a hodographic transformation. As a consequence of the weak Eshelby’s conjecture, we prove in two and three dimensions a conjecture of Pólya and Szegö on the isoperimetric inequalities for the polarization tensors (PTs). The Pólya–Szegö conjecture asserts that the inclusion whose electrical PT has the minimal trace takes the shape of a disk or a ball.


Milton Isoperimetric Inequality Polarization Tensor Lipschitz Boundary Boundary Measurement 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mathematical Sciences and RIMSeoul National UniversitySeoulSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of MathematicsUniversity of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA

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