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Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis

, Volume 187, Issue 2, pp 185–220 | Cite as

A Model for the Formation and Evolution of Traffic Jams

  • F. Berthelin
  • P. Degond
  • M. Delitala
  • M. Rascle
Article

Abstract

In this paper, we establish and analyze a traffic flow model which describes the formation and dynamics of traffic jams. It consists of a pressureless gas dynamics system under a maximal constraint on the density and is derived through a singular limit of the Aw-Rascle model. From this analysis, we deduce the particular dynamical behavior of clusters (or traffic jams), defined as intervals where the density limit is reached. An existence result for a generic class of initial data is proved by means of an approximation of the solution by a sequence of clusters. Finally, numerical simulations are produced.

Keywords

Intermediate State Riemann Problem Contact Discontinuity Cluster Dynamic Simple Wave 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Berthelin
    • 1
  • P. Degond
    • 2
  • M. Delitala
    • 3
  • M. Rascle
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire J. A. DieudonnéUniversité de NiceNiceFrance
  2. 2.MIP UMR 5640Université Paul SabatierToulouseFrance
  3. 3.Department of MathematicsPolitecnico di TorinoTorinoItaly

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