Lanthanum-induced neurotoxicity: solving the riddle of its involvement in cognitive impairment?
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The conclusion of a series of recent reports highlights the significant neurotoxic effects that rare earth elements, such as lanthanum (La), can have during neurodevelopment. These findings are, herein, combined and presented using a simplified schematic overview that provides a putative solution to the riddle of La-induced cognitive impairment. Our commentary also highlights potential targets for further investigations into the mechanisms which underpin La-induced neurotoxicity, with a focus on the crucial role of the hippocampus. Within this context, a central role for the cyclic-adenosine monophosphate signalling pathway is proposed.
KeywordsLanthanum (La) Neurotoxicity Brain Hippocampus Rare earth elements (REEs) Cyclic-adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) Signalling Pathway
Conflict of interest
All authors (AZ, AMB, SDB, ST and GSB) declare that there are no conflicts of interest.
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