Perfluorinated compounds (PFC) hit the headlines
Meeting report on a satellite symposium of the annual meeting of the German Society of Toxicology
- 222 Downloads
Recently, agricultural land in the rural area Sauerland in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, has been contaminated with perfluorinated compounds (PFC) (Kraft et al. 2007). Industrial waste containing mainly perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) has been illegally manufactured into a so-called “soil improver” by a recycling company and disseminated by farmers, leading to increased levels of PFOA after leaching into surface raw water for drinking water production (Fig. 1). Irrespective of this headline-catching incident PFC represent a group of emerging chemicals of concern (Table 1). An increasing number of studies show that humans are exposed to a large number of PFCs (Kärrman et al. 2007; So et al. 2007). PFOA and PFOS, the two most important PFCs in the environment, are auxiliary substances for the industrial production of perfluorinated polymers. These are widely used for non-stick coatings for instance on cooking pans and stain repellent coatings on items such as fast-food packaging,...
KeywordsTolerable Daily Intake Contaminate Drinking Water PFOA Concentration Perfluorooctanoic Acid Drinking Water Production
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
- Committee on toxicity of chemicals in food, consumer products and the environment, COT statement on the tolerable daily intake for perfluorooctanoic acid (2006a) http://www.food.gov.uk/multimedia/pdfs/cotstatementpfoa200610.pdf
- Committee on toxicity of chemicals in food, consumer products and the environment, COT statement on the tolerable daily intake for perfluorooctane sulfonate (2006b) http://www.food.gov.uk/multimedia/pdfs/cotstatementpfos200609.pdf
- Dieter HH (2007) Human toxicology evaluation of perfluorinated tensides (PFT) using Perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) and Perfluorosulfonate (PFOS) as examples (in German with abstract in English). Umweltmed Forsch Prax 12(2):95–104Google Scholar
- Kraft M, Bernsmann T, Hölzer J, Just P, Krüger C, Quabeck G, Rauchfuss K, Wilhelm M (2007) The PFC case in the region Sauerland, Germany, from an environmental medical view —assessment and management (in German with abstract in English). Umweltmed Forsch Prax 12:79–86Google Scholar
- So MK, Miyake Y, Yeung WY, Ho YM, Taniyasu S, Rostkowski P, Yamashita N, Zhou BS, Shi XJ, Wang JX, Giesy JP, Yu H, Lam PK (2007) Perfluorinated compounds in the Pearl River and Yangtze River of China. Chemosphere. DOI10.1016/j.chemosphere.2007.02.008Google Scholar
© Springer-Verlag 2007