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Archives of Microbiology

, Volume 168, Issue 3, pp 225–236 | Cite as

Autotrophic growth on carbon disulfide is a property of novel strains of Paracoccus denitrificans

  • Sarah L. Jordan
  • I. R. McDonald
  • Anna J. Kraczkiewicz-Dowjat
  • Donovan P. Kelly
  • Frederick A. Rainey
  • J. Colin Murrell
  • A. P. Wood
Original paper

Abstract

Three distinct strains (KL1, KS1, and KS2) of facultatively chemolitho-autotrophic bacteria able to use carbon disulfide or carbonyl sulfide as sole energy substrates were identified as novel strains of Paracoccus denitrificans. Evidence for their identity as biovars of P. denitrificans and as close relatives of Paracoccus versutus is based on their DNA composition, total sequencing of the genes for their 16S rRNA, muropeptide profiles, amino acid composition of peptidoglycan, kinetics of murein degradation by lysozyme, possession of large plasmids (91–98 kb) and megaplasmids (> 450 kb), and plasmid transfer between the strains and with P. denitrificans and P. versutus. No functions have been identified for the 91- to 98-kb plasmids of strains KL1 and KS2, but curing strain KL1 of its plasmid did not affect growth on carbon disulfide, thiosulfate or succinate. Emendation of the formal description of Paracoccus denitrificans is presented. Autotrophic growth on carbon disulfide and thiosulfate was confirmed by 14CO2 fixation. Evidence is presented for initiation of carbon disulfide oxidation by an NADH-dependent oxygenase. Cell-free extracts catalyzed (1) NADH-stimulated uptake of oxygen in the presence of carbon disulfide, and (2) carbon-disulfide-stimulated oxidation of NADH. The activity was not sedimented at 50,000 ×g. Intermediates in aerobic carbon disulfide metabolism were shown by GC and GC/MS to include carbonyl sulfide and hydrogen sulfide, but anaerobic production of COS and H2S from carbon disulfide did not occur. SDS-PAGE of cell-free extracts showed polypeptides that were unique to growth on carbon disulfide, common to carbon disulfide and carbonyl sulfide, or found after growth on carbon disulfide, carbonyl sulfide or thiosulfate. The possible identity of these as proteins involved in sulfur compound metabolism is discussed.

Key words Paracoccus denitrificans Paracoccus versutus CS2 oxidation CS2 oxygenase Autotrophy 16S rRNA phylogeny Plasmids Megaplasmids Murein Gas chromatography SDS-PAGE profiles 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarah L. Jordan
    • 1
  • I. R. McDonald
    • 2
  • Anna J. Kraczkiewicz-Dowjat
    • 3
  • Donovan P. Kelly
    • 4
  • Frederick A. Rainey
    • 5
  • J. Colin Murrell
    • 2
  • A. P. Wood
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Life Sciences, King’s College London, Campden Hill Road, London W8 7AH, England Tel. + 44-171-333-4344; Fax + 44-171-333-4500 e-mail: ann.p.wood@kcl.ac.ukGB
  2. 2.Department of Biological Sciences, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, EnglandGB
  3. 3.Institute of Microbiology, University of Warsaw, Nowy Swiat 67, Warsaw, PolandPL
  4. 4.Environmental Sciences Research and Education Unit, Institute of Education, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, EnglandGB
  5. 5.Department of Microbiology, Life Sciences Building, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803, USAUS

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