Purification and characterization of chlorite dismutase: a novel oxygen-generating enzyme
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A novel enzyme that catalyzes the disproportionation of chlorite into chloride and oxygen was purified from a gram-negative bacterium, strain GR-1 to homogeneity. A four-step purification procedure comprising Q-Sepharose, hydroxyapatite, and phenyl-Superose chromatography and ultrafiltration resulted in a 13.7-fold purified enzyme with a final specific activity of 2.0 mmol min–1 (mg protein)–1. The dismutase obeyed Michaelis-Menten kinetics. The V max and K m calculated for chlorite were 2,200 U (mg protein)–1 and 170 μM, respectively. Dismutase activity was inhibited by hydroxylamine, cyanide, and azide, but not by 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole. Chlorite dismutase had a molecular mass of 140 kDa and consisted of four 32-kDa subunits. The enzyme was red-colored and had a Soret peak at 392 nm. Per subunit, it contained 0.9 molecule of protoheme IX and 0.7 molecule of iron. Chlorite dismutase displayed maxima for activity at pH 6.0 and 30° C.
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