Study of the sRNA RsmY involved in the genetic regulation of the synthesis of alginate and alkyl resorcinols in Azotobacter vinelandii
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Azotobacter vineladii is a Gram-negative bacterium that produces alginate and poly-hydroxybutyrate (PHB), two polymers of biotechnological interest. This bacterium has the ability to form desiccation-resistant cysts. In the cyst the membrane phospholipids are replaced with a family of phenolic lipids called alkylresorcinols (ARs). The alginate, PHB, and ARs are controlled by the GacS/A two-component system and the small regulatory RNA (sRNA) RsmZ1, belonging to the Rsm (Csr) regulatory system. The Rsm (Csr) systems usually possess two or more sRNAs, in this regard A. vinelandii is the bacterium with the highest number of rsm-sRNAs. Originally, the presence of two sRNAs of the RsmY family (RsmY1 and RsmY2) was reported, but in a subsequent work it was suggested that they conformed to a single sRNA. In this work we provide genetic evidence confirming that rsmY1 and rsmY2 constitute a single gene. Also, it was established that rsmY mutation decreased alginate and ARs production, but did not affect the PHB synthesis. Transcriptional studies showed that rsmY has its higher expression during the stationary growth phase, and in the absence of RsmZ1, rsmY increases its transcription. Interestingly, rsmY expression was influenced by the carbon source, but its expression did not correlate with alginate production.
KeywordsAzotobacter rsmY GacS/A Alginate Alkylresorcinols
This work was supported by VIEP-BUAP, grant 100301900-VIEP 2018–19. L. López-Pliego, G. Mena-Muñoz Huerta and JM Terán-Melo thanks CONACyT for Ph. D. and M.Sc. scholarships.
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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