Archives of Microbiology

, Volume 197, Issue 1, pp 1–10 | Cite as

Roles of bacterial membrane vesicles

  • Eric Daniel Avila-Calderón
  • Minerva Georgina Araiza-Villanueva
  • Juan Carlos Cancino-Diaz
  • Edgar Oliver López-Villegas
  • Nammalwar Sriranganathan
  • Stephen M. Boyle
  • Araceli Contreras-Rodríguez


Outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) are released from the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria. Moreover, Gram-positive bacteria also produce membrane-derived vesicles. As OMVs transport several bacterial components, especially from the cell envelope, their interaction with the host cell, with other bacteria or as immunogens, have been studied intensely. Several functions have been ascribed to OMVs, especially those related to the transport of virulence factors, antigenic protein composition, and development as acellular vaccines. In this work, we review some of the recent findings about OMVs produced by specific pathogenic bacterial species.


Outer membrane vesicles Pathogens Bacteria Gram negative Gram positive 



This work was funded by CONACYT CB-2011-01 No. 169259, SIP-IPN 20131610, SIP-IPN 20144471, and Proyecto de investigacion en apoyo a la consolidacion de profesores del Instituto Politecnico Nacional, con nivel de candidato a investigador Nacional ICYT-DF/IPN. EDAC and MGAV were supported by CONACYT and PIFI-IPN scholarships. ACR, JCCD and EOLV were supported by fellowships from COFAA, SIP-EDI, and SNI-CONACYT. ACR was supported by semestre sabatico agosto-enero 2013-2014 ENCB-IPN.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests in relation to this work.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eric Daniel Avila-Calderón
    • 1
  • Minerva Georgina Araiza-Villanueva
    • 1
  • Juan Carlos Cancino-Diaz
    • 1
  • Edgar Oliver López-Villegas
    • 1
  • Nammalwar Sriranganathan
    • 2
  • Stephen M. Boyle
    • 2
  • Araceli Contreras-Rodríguez
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Microbiología. Escuela Nacional de Ciencias BiológicasInstituto Politécnico NacionalMexicoMexico
  2. 2.Center for Molecular Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary MedicineVirginia TechBlacksburgUSA

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