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Archives of Microbiology

, Volume 192, Issue 6, pp 437–446 | Cite as

Characterization of methylmalonyl-CoA mutase involved in the propionate photoassimilation of Euglena gracilis Z

  • Emi Miyamoto
  • Yuri Tanioka
  • Ayako Nishizawa-Yokoi
  • Yukinori Yabuta
  • Kouhei Ohnishi
  • Haruo Misono
  • Shigeru Shigeoka
  • Yoshihisa Nakano
  • Fumio WatanabeEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

Significant accumulation of the methylmalonyl-CoA mutase apoenzyme was observed in the photosynthetic flagellate Euglena gracilis Z at the end of the logarithmic growth phase. The apoenzyme was converted to a holoenzyme by incubation for 4 h at 4°C with 10 μM 5′-deoxyadenosylcobalamin, and then, the holoenzyme was purified to homogeneity and characterized. The apparent molecular mass of the enzyme was calculated to be 149.0 kDa ± 5.0 kDa using Superdex 200 gel filtration. SDS–polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the purified enzyme yielded a single protein band with an apparent molecular mass of 75.0 kDa ± 3.0 kDa, indicating that the Euglena enzyme is composed of two identical subunits. The purified enzyme contained one mole of prosthetic 5′-deoxyadenosylcobalamin per mole of the enzyme subunit. Moreover, we cloned the full-length cDNA of the Euglena enzyme. The cDNA clone contained an open reading frame encoding a protein of 717 amino acids with a calculated molecular mass of 78.3 kDa, preceded by a putative mitochondrial targeting signal consisting of nine amino acid residues. Furthermore, we studied some properties and physiological function of the Euglena enzyme.

Keywords

Cobalamin Euglena gracilisMethylmalonyl-CoA mutase Photoassimilation Propionate metabolism 

Abbreviations

AdoCbl

5′-deoxyadenosylcobalamin

AdoCbi

5′-deoxyadenosylcobinamide

Cbl

Cobalamin

CN-Cbl

Cyanocobalamin

MCM

Methylmalonyl-CoA mutase

PVDF

Polyvinylidene difluoride

SDS

Sodium dodecyl sulfate

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emi Miyamoto
    • 2
  • Yuri Tanioka
    • 3
    • 7
  • Ayako Nishizawa-Yokoi
    • 4
  • Yukinori Yabuta
    • 1
  • Kouhei Ohnishi
    • 5
  • Haruo Misono
    • 6
  • Shigeru Shigeoka
    • 4
  • Yoshihisa Nakano
    • 3
  • Fumio Watanabe
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Faculty of Agriculture, School of Agricultural, Biological and Environmental SciencesTottori UniversityTottoriJapan
  2. 2.Department of Health and NutritionNagasaki International UniversitySaseboJapan
  3. 3.Graduate School of Life and Environmental SciencesOsaka Prefecture UniversitySakaiJapan
  4. 4.Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Advanced BioscienceKinki UniversityNaraJapan
  5. 5.Research Institute of Molecular GeneticsKochi UniversityKochiJapan
  6. 6.Faculty of AgricultureKochi UniversityKochiJapan
  7. 7.Department of NutritionJunior College of Tokyo University of AgricultureTokyoJapan

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