Archives of Microbiology

, 185:393 | Cite as

The complete mitochondrial genome of the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae var. anisopliae: gene order and trn gene clusters reveal a common evolutionary course for all Sordariomycetes, while intergenic regions show variation

  • Dimitri V. Ghikas
  • Vassili N. Kouvelis
  • Milton A. Typas
Original Paper


The mitochondrial genome (mtDNA) of the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae var. anisopliae, with a total size of 24,673 bp, was one of the smallest known mtDNAs of Pezizomycotina. It contained the 14 typical genes coding for proteins related to oxidative phosphorylation, the two rRNA genes, a single intron that harbored an intronic ORF coding for a putative ribosomal protein (rps) within the large rRNA gene (rnl), and a set of 24 tRNA genes which recognized codons for all amino acids, except proline and valine. Gene order comparison with all known mtDNAs of Sordariomycetes illustrated a highly conserved genome organization for all the protein- and rRNA-coding genes, as well as three clusters of tRNA genes. By considering all mitochondrial essential protein-coding genes as one unit a phylogenetic study of these small genomes strongly supported the common evolutionary course of Sordariomycetes (100% bootstrap support) and highlighted the advantages of analyzing small genomes (mtDNA) over single genes. In addition, comparative analysis of three intergenic regions demonstrated sequence variability that can be exploited for intra- and inter-specific identification of Metarhizium.


Mitochondrial genome Gene order trn gene cluster Metarhizium anisopliae Phylogenetic relationships Intergenic regions Identification 






The authors wish to acknowledge the support of the European Commission, Quality of Life and Management of Living Resources Programme (QoL), Key Action 1 on Food, Nutrition and Health QLK1–CT–2001–01391 (RAFBCA).

Supplementary material

203_2006_104_MOESM1_ESM.doc (68 kb)
Supplementary material 1
203_2006_104_MOESM2_ESM.doc (240 kb)
Supplementary material 2


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dimitri V. Ghikas
    • 1
  • Vassili N. Kouvelis
    • 1
  • Milton A. Typas
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Genetics and Biotechnology, Faculty of BiologyUniversity of AthensAthensGreece

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