A non-dechlorinating strain of Dehalospirillum multivorans: evidence for a key role of the corrinoid cofactor in the synthesis of an active tetrachloroethene dehalogenase
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A strain of Dehalosprillum multivorans, designated strain N, was isolated from the same source as the formerly described tetrachloroethene (PCE)-dechlorinating D. multivorans, herein after referred to as strain K. Neither growing cells nor cell extracts of strain N were able to dechlorinate PCE. The pceA and pceB genes encoding for the PCE-reductive dehalogenase were detected in cells of strain N; and they were 100% homologous to the corresponding genes of strain K. Since the PCE dehalogenase of D. multivorans strain K contains a corrinoid cofactor, the corrinoids of strain N cells were extracted. Analysis of the corrinoids revealed the absence of the specific corrinoid, which is the cofactor of the PCE dehalogenase of strain K cells. RT-PCR of mRNA indicated that the pceA gene was transcribed in strain N cells to a far lower extent than the pceA gene of strain K under the same experimental conditions. Western blot analysis of crude extracts of strain N showed that, if at all, an insignificant amount of the apoprotein of the PCE dehalogenase was present. The results indicate that the inability of strain N to dechlorinate is due to the absence of the corrinoid cofactor of the enzyme mediating PCE dechlorination.
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