Advertisement

Inductive coupling system for electric scooter wireless charging: electromagnetic design and thermal analysis

  • Vladimir KindlEmail author
  • Roman Pechanek
  • Martin Zavrel
  • Tomas Kavalir
  • Pavel Turjanica
Original Paper
  • 34 Downloads

Abstract

The paper deals with construction design and laboratory measurement of magnetic inductive coupling system suitable for electric scooter wireless chargers. It briefly elaborates design process relating to the system configuration, material used for construction and obtained operational conditions. The paper also discusses the thermal behavior of the couplers operating under load and describes fully automatic laboratory equipment for the system experimental testing.

Keywords

Electric Scooter Wireless Charging Resonant 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research has been supported by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic under the RICE—New Technologies and Concepts for Smart Industrial Systems, Project No. LO1607, and by funding program of the University of West Bohemia, number SGS-2018-009.

References

  1. 1.
    Lukaniszyn M, Wrobel R (2000) A study on the influence of permanent magnet dimensions and stator core structures on the torque of the disc-type brushless DC motor. Electr Eng 82:163.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s002020050007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Nagatsuka Y, Ehara N, Kaneko Y, Abe S, Yasuda T (2010) Compact contactless power transfer system for electric vehicles. In: The 2010 international power electronics conference–ECCE ASIA, Sapporo, 2010, pp 807–813.  https://doi.org/10.1109/ipec.2010.5543313
  3. 3.
    Sallan J, Villa JL, Llombart A, Sanz JF (2009) Optimal design of ICPT systems applied to electric vehicle battery charge. IEEE Trans Ind Electron 56(6):2140–2149.  https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2009.2015359 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Li XT, Kuang HJ, Zulati L (2013) A research on the operational characteristics of WPT considering reliability limitation. In: Proceedings of the 2013 international conference on advanced mechatronic systems, Luoyang, 2013, pp 213–218.  https://doi.org/10.1109/icamechs.2013.6681780
  5. 5.
    Zhao J, Cai T, Duan S, Feng H, Chen C, Zhang X (2016) A general design method of primary compensation network for dynamic WPT system maintaining stable transmission power. IEEE Trans Power Electron 31(12):8343–8358.  https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2016.2516023 Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Baghdadi ME, Benomar Y, Hegazy O, Yang Y, Van Mierlo J (2016) Design approach and interoperability analysis of wireless power transfer systems for vehicular applications. In: 2016 18th European conference on power electronics and applications (EPE’16 ECCE Europe), Karlsruhe, 2016, pp 1–11.  https://doi.org/10.1109/epe.2016.7695695
  7. 7.
    Zhang W, Mi CC (2016) Compensation topologies of high-power wireless power transfer systems. IEEE Trans Veh Technol 65(6):4768–4778.  https://doi.org/10.1109/TVT.2015.2454292 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wang Y, Yao Y, Liu X, Xu DG, Cai L (2018) An LC/S compensation topology and coil design technique for wireless power transfer. IEEE Trans Power Electron 33(99):1.  https://doi.org/10.1109/tpel.2017.2698002 Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Aditya K (2018) Analytical design of Archimedean spiral coils used in inductive power transfer for electric vehicles application. Electr Eng 100:1819.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00202-017-0663-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Jin X, Le L, Pude Y (2018) Research on the system characteristics of radial offset based on double LCCL. Electr Eng 100:711.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00202-017-0665-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Frivaldsky M, Piri M, Spanik P et al (2017) Peak efficiency and peak power point operation of wireless energy transfer (WET) system—analysis and verification. Electr Eng 99:1439.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00202-017-0658-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Berger A, Agostinelli M, Vesti S, Oliver JA, Cobos JA, Huemer M (2015) A wireless charging system applying phase-shift and amplitude control to maximize efficiency and extractable power. IEEE Trans Power Electron 30(11):6338–6348.  https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2015.2410216 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mai R, Liu Y, Li Y, Yue P, Cao G, He Z. An active rectifier based maximum efficiency tracking method using an additional measurement coil for wireless power transfer. IEEE Trans Power Electron.  https://doi.org/10.1109/tpel.2017.2665040
  14. 14.
    Zhang W, Wong SC, Tse CK, Chen Q (2014) Design for efficiency optimization and voltage controllability of series–series compensated inductive power transfer systems. IEEE Trans Power Electron 29(1):191–200.  https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2013.2249112 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Rui Z, Gladwin DT, Stone DA. Phase shift control based maximum efficiency point tracking in resonant wireless power system and its realization. In: IECON 2016–42nd annual conference of the IEEE industrial electronics society, Florence, 2016, pp. 4541–4546.  https://doi.org/10.1109/iecon.2016.7794117
  16. 16.
    Patil D, Sirico M, Gu L, Fahimi B (2016) Maximum efficiency tracking in wireless power transfer for battery charger: phase shift and frequency control. In: 2016 IEEE energy conversion congress and exposition (ECCE), Milwaukee, WI, 2016, pp 1–8.  https://doi.org/10.1109/ecce.2016.7855234
  17. 17.
    Kozacek B, Kostal J, Frivaldsky M (2015) Analysis of figure of merit–power transistor’s qualitative parameter. In: 2015 16th international scientific conference on electric power engineering (EPE), Kouty nad Desnou, 2015, pp 718–722.  https://doi.org/10.1109/epe.2015.7161144
  18. 18.
    Frivaldsky M, Drgona P, Kozacek B, Piri M, Pridala M (2016) Critical component’s figure of merite influence on power supply unit efficiency. In: 2016 ELEKTRO, Strbske Pleso, 2016, pp 147–151.  https://doi.org/10.1109/elektro.2016.7512054
  19. 19.
    Spanik P, Frivaldsky M, Drgona P, Jaros V (2016) Analysis of proper configuration of wireless power transfer system for electric vehicle charging. In: 2016 ELEKTRO, Strbske Pleso, 2016, pp 231–237.  https://doi.org/10.1109/elektro.2016.7512071
  20. 20.
    Spanik P, Frivaldsky M, Piri M, Jaros V, Kondelova A (2016) Peak efficiency and peak power point of wireless power transfer system for electromobility applications. In: 2016 ELEKTRO, Strbske Pleso, 2016, pp 226–230.  https://doi.org/10.1109/elektro.2016.7512070
  21. 21.
    Pellitteri F, Di Tommaso AO, Miceli R (2015) Investigation of inductive coupling solutions for E-bike wireless charging. In: 2015 50th international universities power engineering conference (UPEC), Stoke on Trent, 2015, pp 1–6.  https://doi.org/10.1109/upec.2015.7339964
  22. 22.
    Fuengwarodsakul NH (2016) Battery management system with active inrush current control for Li-ion battery in light electric vehicles. Electr Eng 98:17.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00202-015-0344-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Pellitteri F, Boscaino V, Di Tommaso AO, Miceli R, Capponi G (2013) Wireless battery charging: E-bike application. In: 2013 international conference on renewable energy research and applications (ICRERA), Madrid, 2013, pp 247–251.  https://doi.org/10.1109/icrera.2013.6749760
  24. 24.
    Kim SM, Kim SW, Moon J-I, Cho I-K (2016) A 100 W wireless charging system with a human protection function from EM field exposure. In: 2016 IEEE transportation electrification conference and expo, Asia-Pacific (ITEC Asia-Pacific), Busan, 2016, pp 684–688.  https://doi.org/10.1109/itec-ap.2016.7513040
  25. 25.
    Pellitteri F, Boscaino V, Di Tommaso AO, Genduso F, Miceli R (2013) E-bike battery charging: methods and circuits. In: 2013 international conference on clean electrical power (ICCEP), Alghero, 2013, pp 107–114.  https://doi.org/10.1109/iccep.2013.6586975
  26. 26.
    Hu J et al (2018) Hybrid energy storage system of an electric scooter based on wireless power transfer. IEEE Trans Ind Inform 14(9):4169–4178.  https://doi.org/10.1109/TII.2018.2806917 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Ando T, Omori H, Kimura N, Morizane T (2018) Innovative EDLC driven electric scooter with unique power supply systems. In: 2018 IEEE international power electronics and application conference and exposition (PEAC), Shenzhen, 2018, pp 1–6.  https://doi.org/10.1109/peac.2018.8590587
  28. 28.
    Wang C-S, Stielau OH, Covic GA (2005) Senior member, IEEE, design considerations for a contactless electric vehicle battery charger. IEEE Trans Ind Electron 52(5):1308–1314CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Ongayo D, Hanif M (2015) Comparison of circular and rectangular coil transformer parameters for wireless power transfer based on finite element analysis. In: 2015 IEEE 13th Brazilian power electronics conference and 1st southern power electronics conference (COBEP/SPEC), Fortaleza, 2015, pp 1–6.  https://doi.org/10.1109/cobep.2015.7420222
  30. 30.
    Rasekh N, Mirsalim M (2018) Analysis of a compact and efficient DDQ pad integrated to the LCC compensation topology for IPT. In: 2018 9th annual power electronics, drives systems and technologies conference (PEDSTC), Tehran, 2018, pp 26–29.  https://doi.org/10.1109/pedstc.2018.8343766
  31. 31.
    Ferroxcube: ferrite materials survey [online] (2008) Sep 01 [cit. 2018-08-14]. http://ferroxcube.home.pl/prod/assets/sfmatgra_frnt.pdf
  32. 32.
    Engineering ToolBox (2003) Thermal conductivity of common materials and gases. https://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/thermal-conductivity-d_429.html. Accessed 2018-08-14

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Electrical EngineeringUniversity of West BohemiaPlzenCzech Republic

Personalised recommendations