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What a MES(s)! A bibliometric analysis of the evolution of research on multi-energy systems

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Multi-energy systems combine different energy vectors (e.g. electricity, heat, cooling) and operate at different levels (e.g. building, district, and region). Although in theory, multi-energy systems should allow for lower carbon impacts compared to systems in which single energy vectors are considered individually, implementation of multi-energy systems is often difficult due to the number of technologies and actors involved and the complexity of their interactions. In this article, we conduct a bibliometric analysis based on over 20,000 articles from the Web of Science to investigate how knowledge on two important multi-energy systems, Microgrids and Smart Grids, has developed. Our findings identify areas that have been under-researched to date, offer a means of transferring learning between different multi-energy systems and provide practical guidance for the implementation of multi-energy systems.

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The work in this study is related to the ‘Future Energy Efficient Buildings and Districts’ (FEEB&D) project funded by CTI’s Swiss Competence Center for Energy Research (SCCER) (KTI.1155000149).

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Correspondence to J. Meuer.

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Balakrishnan, D., Haney, A.B. & Meuer, J. What a MES(s)! A bibliometric analysis of the evolution of research on multi-energy systems. Electr Eng 98, 369–374 (2016).

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  • Multi-energy systems
  • Knowledge development
  • Bibliometric analysis
  • Smart Grids
  • Microgrids