Electrical Engineering

, Volume 98, Issue 4, pp 369–374 | Cite as

What a MES(s)! A bibliometric analysis of the evolution of research on multi-energy systems

  • D. Balakrishnan
  • A. B. Haney
  • J. Meuer
Original Paper


Multi-energy systems combine different energy vectors (e.g. electricity, heat, cooling) and operate at different levels (e.g. building, district, and region). Although in theory, multi-energy systems should allow for lower carbon impacts compared to systems in which single energy vectors are considered individually, implementation of multi-energy systems is often difficult due to the number of technologies and actors involved and the complexity of their interactions. In this article, we conduct a bibliometric analysis based on over 20,000 articles from the Web of Science to investigate how knowledge on two important multi-energy systems, Microgrids and Smart Grids, has developed. Our findings identify areas that have been under-researched to date, offer a means of transferring learning between different multi-energy systems and provide practical guidance for the implementation of multi-energy systems.


Multi-energy systems Knowledge development Bibliometric analysis Smart Grids Microgrids 



The work in this study is related to the ‘Future Energy Efficient Buildings and Districts’ (FEEB&D) project funded by CTI’s Swiss Competence Center for Energy Research (SCCER) (KTI.1155000149).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Group for Sustainability and TechnologyETH ZurichZurichSwitzerland

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