Economic Theory

, Volume 65, Issue 4, pp 819–853 | Cite as

Deficit, monetization, and economic growth: a case for multiplicity and indeterminacy

  • Maxime Menuet
  • Alexandru MineaEmail author
  • Patrick Villieu
Research Article


This paper develops an original analysis of deficit monetization in a growth model with transaction costs, in which economic growth interacts with productive public expenditures. This interaction generates two positive balanced growth paths (BGP) in the long run: a high BGP and a low BGP. The transitional dynamics show that multiplicity cannot be rejected if transaction costs affect both consumption and investment expenditures, with possible indeterminacy of the high BGP. Importantly, deficit monetization is shown to reduce the parameter space producing indeterminacy.


Endogenous growth Deficit Monetization Indeterminacy Public debt 

JEL Classification

E41 E52 E62 H62 H63 



We are extremely grateful to Nicholas Yannelis (Editor) and to two anonymous referees, for extensive comments on a previous version of the paper. We benefited from many comments from C. Aubin, T. Azomahou, E. Bond, J.-B. Chatelain, J.-L. Combes, M. Copaciu, C. Cornand, F. Dufourt, C. Litan, V. Midrigan, M. Mutascu, T. Palivos, C. Pintilescu, T. Seegmuller, A. Venditti, M. Voia, P. Wang, T. Xepapadeas, and C. Yip, and especially from F. Magris and D. Onori. We thank participants to conferences GDRE (Clermont-Ferrand and Nice), GEBA (Iasi), Journées LAGV (Marseille), and to the seminar at LEO (Orléans). Usual disclaimers apply.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (pdf 320 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maxime Menuet
    • 1
  • Alexandru Minea
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Patrick Villieu
    • 1
  1. 1.University of OrléansCNRS, LEO, UMR 7322OrléansFrance
  2. 2.School of Economics and CERDIUniversité Clermont AuvergneClermont-FerrandFrance
  3. 3.Department of EconomicsCarleton UniversityOttawaCanada

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