Population Bone Mineral Density Measurements for Chinese Women and Men in Hong Kong
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The aim of the study was to establish population ranges of bone mineral density (BMD) for Hong Kong Chinese men and women for the Hologic QDR 2000 bone densitometer, to compare these values with the manufacturer’s reference ranges, to compare these values with population ranges for women obtained for the Norland X26 bone densitometer, and to examine variations between the two densitometers. The subjects were 164 men aged 40–79 years and 436 women aged 20–89 years, who were all ethnic Chinese, recruited from volunteers, social centers for the elderly and general practice clinics. BMD in women began to decline rapidly between ages 50 and 79 years, averaging about 10% loss per decade from the young adult (20–29 years) mean. The percentage losses from young adult mean values in the spine, femroal neck, trochanter and total femur were 23%, 30%, 31% and 33%, respectively, from 20 to 79 years. In the ninth decade no further decrease in BMD occurred with the exception of a further 4% at the hip sites. In men, no decrease in spine BMD occurred between 40 and 70 years. Compared with BMD in the fourth decade, 10%, 13%, and 11% of BMD was lost at the femoral neck, trochanter and total femur, respectively, by the seventh decade. These values show differences compared with the manufacturer’s reference ranges for Caucasians and Japanese. BMD values for the spine were comparable between Hologic and Norland densitometers, but Hologic values for femoral neck and trochanteric regions were lower than the Norland values. Data provided by this study may thus be used as normative values for the Hologic QDR2000 bone densitometer, instead of values provided by the manufacturer. BMD values at the hip sites are not interchangeable between Norland and Hologic bone densitometers, and estimation of numbers of the population with osteoporosis will depend on the model of densitometer used.
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