Deterioration in Quality of Life Following Hip Fracture: A Prospective Study
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To examine longitudinal change in health- related quality of life (HRQoL) following hip fracture in elderly subjects, 32 patients with hip fractures and 29 sex-matched non-fracture control subjects (mean ± SD age 82 ± 8 and 86 ± 6 years respectively) were enrolled in a prospective, case–control study. Fracture subjects completed a generic questionnaire, Short Form 36 (SF-36), and a disease-targeted measure, the revised Osteoporosis Assessment Questionnaire (OPAQ2), on two separate occasions, within 1 week of fracture and 12–15 weeks after fracture. Controls completed both questionnaires on two occasions 12 weeks apart. SF-36 scores were significantly correlated with OPAQ2 in comparable domains of Physical Function (r= 0.76), General Health (r= 0.70) and Mental Health/Tension (r = 0.86). Control subjects had stable scores with the OPAQ2 and SF-36. At 3 months after fracture there was a significant reduction in HRQoL in the SF-36 domains Physical Function (–51%), Vitality (–24%) and Social Function (–26%) and in the OPAQ2 domains Physical Function (–20%), Social Activity (–49%) and General Health (–24%). Hip fracture patients thus had a lower baseline HRQoL and experienced a significant deterioration in HRQoL after hip fracture on both the SF-36 and OPAQ2. HRQoL should be part of a comprehensive assessment of the costs of osteoporosis including fracture-associated morbidity.
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