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Osteoporosis International

, Volume 27, Issue 1, pp 229–230 | Cite as

Meta-analysis of diabetes mellitus and risk of hip fractures: small-study effect

  • M. NazarzadehEmail author
  • Z. Bidel
  • A. Sanjari Moghaddam
Letter

Keywords

Diabetes Mellitus Relative Risk Conservative Estimate Fixed Effect Model Common Understanding 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

Milad Nazarzadeh, Zeinab Bidel, and Ali Sanjari Moghaddam declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. 1.
    Fan Y, Wei F, Lang Y, Liu Y (2015) Diabetes mellitus and risk of hip fractures: a meta-analysis. Osteoporos Int. doi: 10.1007/s00198-015-3279-7 Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Nuesch E, Trelle S, Reichenbach S, Rutjes AW, Tschannen B, Altman DG, Egger M, Juni P (2010) Small study effects in meta-analyses of osteoarthritis trials: meta-epidemiological study. BMJ (Clin Res Edn) 341:c3515CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    da Costa BR, Juni P (2014) Systematic reviews and meta-analyses of randomized trials: principles and pitfalls. Eur Heart J 35:3336–3345PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© International Osteoporosis Foundation and National Osteoporosis Foundation 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Iranian Research Center on Healthy AgingSabzevar University of Medical SciencesSabzevarIran
  2. 2.School of MedicineShahid Beheshti University of Medical SciencesTehranIran

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