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Osteoporosis International

, Volume 25, Issue 3, pp 1123–1129 | Cite as

Genistein effects on quality of life and depression symptoms in osteopenic postmenopausal women: a 2-year randomized, double-blind, controlled study

  • M. Atteritano
  • S. Mazzaferro
  • A. Bitto
  • M. L. Cannata
  • R. D’Anna
  • F. Squadrito
  • I. Macrì
  • A. Frisina
  • N. Frisina
  • G. Bagnato
Original Article

Abstract

Summary

Postmenopausal estrogen decline is implicated in several age-related physical and psychological changes in women, including decreases in perceived quality of life. The phytoestrogen genistein at a dose of 54 mg daily in osteopenic postmenopausal women after 2 years implies an improvement on quality of life and depression symptoms.

Introduction

Postmenopausal estrogen decline is implicated in several age-related physical and psychological changes in women, including decreases in perceived quality of life (QoL). A number of trials with hormone therapy showed beneficial effects of the intervention on quality of life parameters. However, because of known or suspected serious side effects of conventional hormone therapy, there is a need for alternatives.

Methods

We conducted a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial using the isoflavone genistein, 54 mg, or placebo for 2 years. In this trial, we recruited 262 postmenopausal women aged 49 to 67 years.

Results

At baseline, after 1 year, and at final visit, participants filled in the Short Form of 36 questions (SF-36) and the Zung Self-rating Depression Scale (ZSDS). For the placebo group, scores on all dimensions of the SF-36 decreased after 1 and 2 years. The genistein group showed increases on all dimensions of the SF-36 at the end of the study. There were, however, statistically significant differences in changes of scores between the two intervention groups. For the ZSDS, similarly, significant differences were found between groups.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the findings of this randomized trial showed that genistein improves quality of life (health status, life satisfaction, and depression) in osteopenic postmenopausal women.

Keywords

Genistein Osteopenia Postmenopausal Quality of life 

Notes

Conflicts of interest

None.

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Copyright information

© International Osteoporosis Foundation and National Osteoporosis Foundation 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Atteritano
    • 1
  • S. Mazzaferro
    • 1
  • A. Bitto
    • 2
  • M. L. Cannata
    • 3
  • R. D’Anna
    • 3
  • F. Squadrito
    • 2
  • I. Macrì
    • 1
  • A. Frisina
    • 1
  • N. Frisina
    • 1
  • G. Bagnato
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Internal MedicineUniversity of MessinaMessinaItaly
  2. 2.Section of Pharmacology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine and PharmacologyUniversity of MessinaMessinaItaly
  3. 3.Department of Obstetrical and Gynecological SciencesUniversity of MessinaMessinaItaly

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