Osteoporosis International

, Volume 23, Issue 6, pp 1721–1726 | Cite as

Trends in subtrochanteric, diaphyseal, and distal femur fractures, 1984–2007

  • A. C. Ng
  • M. T. Drake
  • B. L. Clarke
  • S. A. Sems
  • E. J. Atkinson
  • S. J. Achenbach
  • L. J. MeltonIII
Original Article

Abstract

Summary

The incidence of non-hip femur fractures increased between 1984 and 2007, with an increase in the rates for women after 1996.

Introduction

Recent reports have suggested that non-hip femur fractures may be decreasing over time, similar to proximal femur fractures.

Methods

Incidence rates for non-hip femur fractures among Olmsted County, Minnesota, residents were assessed before and after 1995 when the oral bisphosphonate, alendronate, was approved in the USA.

Results

From 1984 to 2007, 727 non-hip femur fractures were observed in 690 Olmsted County residents (51% female [median age, 71.6 years] and 49% male [21.4 years]). Altogether, 20% of the fractures were subtrochanteric, 51% were diaphyseal, and 29% involved the distal femur. Causes included severe trauma in 51%, minimal to moderate trauma in 34%, and pathologic causes in 15%. The overall age- and sex-adjusted annual incidence of first non-hip femur fracture was 26.7 per 100,000 (25.0 per 100,000 for women and 26.6 per 100,000 for men). Incidence rates increased with age and were greater in women than men. Between 1984–1995 and 1996–2007, age-adjusted rates increased significantly for women (20.4 vs. 28.7 per 100,000; p = 0.002) but not for men (22.4 vs. 29.5 per 100,000; p = 0.202).

Conclusion

The incidence of first non-hip femur fractures rose between 1984 and 2007, with an increase in the rates for women after 1995.

Keywords

Aging Incidence Non-hip femoral fracture Population-based study Subtrochanteric fracture 

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Copyright information

© International Osteoporosis Foundation and National Osteoporosis Foundation 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. C. Ng
    • 1
  • M. T. Drake
    • 1
  • B. L. Clarke
    • 1
  • S. A. Sems
    • 2
  • E. J. Atkinson
    • 3
  • S. J. Achenbach
    • 3
  • L. J. MeltonIII
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, Metabolism, and Nutrition, Department of MedicineCollege of Medicine, Mayo ClinicRochesterUSA
  2. 2.Department of Orthopedic SurgeryCollege of Medicine, Mayo ClinicRochesterUSA
  3. 3.Division of Biomedical Statistics and InformaticsCollege of Medicine, Mayo ClinicRochesterUSA
  4. 4.Division of Epidemiology, Department of Health Sciences ResearchCollege of Medicine, Mayo ClinicRochesterUSA

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