Osteoporosis International

, Volume 23, Issue 3, pp 1069–1074 | Cite as

Impact of bone turnover markers and/or educational information on persistence to oral bisphosphonate therapy: a community setting-based trial

  • S. L. Silverman
  • K. Nasser
  • S. Nattrass
  • B. Drinkwater
Original Article

Abstract

Summary

We examined how the use of bone turnover markers and educational information affects persistence of bisphosphonate use in osteoporotic patients. We found that reporting bone turnover results and/or educational information did not affect persistence.

Introduction

Long-term adherence and persistence to osteoporosis medication are poor. We examined whether reporting of bone turnover marker results, education about osteoporosis, or a combination of both would increase persistence to oral bisphosphonates.

Methods

Two hundred and forty women who were 5 years postmenopausal with BMD at least 2.0 standard deviations below normal were recruited for the study. All women were given a new prescription for alendronate and randomly assigned to one of four groups: (1) bone marker results at baseline, 3 and 12 months; (2) educational materials every month and a membership in the National Osteoporosis Foundation; (3) bone marker and educational information; and (4) control, no information other than usual care. Persistence among randomization groups was tested using survival analysis adjusting for the delay between intervention methods.

Results

Of those filling their initial prescription, 95.5% refilled their prescription at the end of the first month, 87% at 3 months, 82% at 6 months, and 78% at 10 months. Overall persistence through 12 months was 54%. There was no difference found among the four groups for persistence time using (p > 0.58).

Conclusion

Providing bone turnover marker results is not an effective way to enhance early compliance and persistence with drug therapy. While the women in our study felt that bone marker results and educational information were helpful to them, there was no difference in persistence between those who received either bone marker information and/or educational information and those who did not. Because of the unexpected rate of primary nonadherence, this study may be underpowered.

Keywords

Adherence Bone turnover markers N-Telopeptide Osteoporosis Persistence 

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Copyright information

© International Osteoporosis Foundation and National Osteoporosis Foundation 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. L. Silverman
    • 1
    • 2
  • K. Nasser
    • 2
  • S. Nattrass
    • 3
  • B. Drinkwater
    • 3
  1. 1.UCLA/Cedars-SinaiLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Osteoporosis Medical CenterBeverly HillsUSA
  3. 3.Puget Sound Osteoporosis CenterSeattleUSA

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