Serum sclerostin levels positively correlate with lumbar spinal bone mineral density in postmenopausal women—the six-month effect of risedronate and teriparatide
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Sclerostin is expressed by osteocytes and inhibits bone formation by osteoblasts. In this study, serum sclerostin was positively correlated with either lumbar spinal bone mineral density or T-score. Furthermore, serum sclerostin was increased after 6 months treatment with risedronate, whereas remained unchanged after 6 months teriparatide treatment.
The primary aim of this study was the evaluation of serum sclerostin levels in postmenopausal women and their association with bone mineral density (BMD) and bone turnover markers. The secondary aim was the evaluation of treatment with either teriparatide (TPTD) or risedronate (RIS) on serum sclerostin levels in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis.
Women with postmenopausal osteoporosis, assigned to receive either TPTD (TPTD group, n = 13) or RIS (RIS group, n = 36) for 6 months, and non-osteoporotic early postmenopausal women (NOEP group, n = 13) were recruited. Main outcome measure was serum sclerostin levels.
Serum sclerostin was higher in the NOEP group at baseline compared with either TPTD group (p = 0.007) or RIS group (p = 0.049). Sclerostin was positively correlated with both lumbar spinal (LS) BMD (r = 0.353; p = 0.005) and T-score (r = 0.501; p < 0.001) and negatively correlated with intact parathyroid hormone (r = −0.343; p = 0.024) at baseline. Multiple regression analysis showed that either LS BMD (Beta = 0.653; p = 0.018) or T-score (Beta = 0.711; p = 0.005) were independent predictors of serum sclerostin levels. No significant correlation was observed between serum sclerostin and bone turnover markers or estradiol at baseline. Sclerostin was significantly increased 6 months post-treatment in RIS group (p = 0.002), whereas remained statistically unaffected in the TPTD group.
Serum sclerostin is decreased in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis compared with non-osteoporotic early postmenopausal women and is positively correlated to either LS BMD or LS T-score. Furthermore, serum sclerostin was increased after 6 months treatment with RIS, whereas remained essentially unchanged after 6 months TPTD treatment.
KeywordsBisphosphonate Bone mineral density Dickoppf-1 Risedronate Sclerostin Teriparatide
Conflicts of interest
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