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Osteoporosis International

, Volume 17, Issue 8, pp 1252–1257 | Cite as

Epidemiology of hip fracture in Iran: results from the Iranian Multicenter Study on Accidental Injuries

  • A. Moayyeri
  • A. Soltani
  • B. Larijani
  • M. Naghavi
  • F. Alaeddini
  • F. Abolhassani
Original Article

Abstract

Introduction

The incidence of hip fracture varies substantially between countries. As a result of improving life expectancy, the number of elderly people susceptible to hip fractures is increasing rapidly in the developing world. Little is known, however, about the epidemiology of hip fractures in the Middle Eastern countries. In this study, our objective was to estimate the incidence of hip fracture in Iran and compare it with other populations.

Methods

The data used were obtained from the Iranian Multicenter Study on Accidental Injuries, a large-scale population-based study conducted in nine provinces across the country. All of the hospitals in these provinces, which provide services to about 9.5 million people, were prospectively surveyed for any incident injury resulting from accidental events occurring in the study period of 135 days (4.5 months). All patients aged ≥50 with radiographically confirmed proximal femur fractures were included in this study. A total of 555 new cases of hip fracture (284 male, 271 female) were recorded during the study period. The annual incidence of hip fracture per 100,000 person-years was 115.2 (95% CI: 107.2–123.7) in men and 115.6 (95% CI: 107.4–124.3) in women; of these,73.2 and 89.2%, respectively, were fall-related fractures. The female-to-male ratios for fall-induced and total hip fracture rates were 1.2 and 1.0, respectively.

Results

The incidence rates increased exponentially after the age of 60 years in both genders and nearly tripled with each successive decade. When these results are compared to those of other studies, the Iranian age-standardized incidence rates of 127.3 (men) and 164.6 (women) per 100,000 person-years are considerably lower than those of all Western countries when standardized to data on the U.S. population in 2000. When compared with incidence rates reported for other Asian countries, those of Iranian females are the lowest next to China.

Conclusion

The low incidence rate of hip fracture for older Iranian women may be the result of several potential factors related to genetic or lifestyle differences between Iranians and people of other countries. Further studies are required to investigate contributing factors in more detail.

Keywords

Epidemiology Hip fracture Incidence Iran Middle East Osteoporosis 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by a grant from the Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran. We would like to thank Dr. N. Jafari and Dr. H. Tavakoli Shalmani for their personal assistance in collecting and analyzing the data. Special thanks are extended to the personnel of the Research Council of the Ministry of Health and Medical Education and all health officials who helped us in conducting this study.

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Copyright information

© International Osteoporosis Foundation and National Osteoporosis Foundation 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Moayyeri
    • 1
  • A. Soltani
    • 1
  • B. Larijani
    • 1
  • M. Naghavi
    • 2
  • F. Alaeddini
    • 2
  • F. Abolhassani
    • 1
  1. 1.Endocrinology & Metabolism Research Centre, Shariati HospitalTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  2. 2.Undersecretary for HealthMinistry of Health and Medical EducationTehranIran

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