Shock Waves

pp 1–7 | Cite as

Deflagration-to-detonation transition in Bullseye powder

  • T. Miner
  • D. Dalton
  • D. Romero
  • M. Heine
  • A. Gorby
  • S. Todd
  • B. AsayEmail author
Original Article


A series of compaction experiments was conducted to evaluate the mechanical, reactive, and deflagration-to-detonation transition behavior in Alliant Bullseye powder. Using a novel application of photonic Doppler velocimetry and light fibers, the experiments measured both compaction and combustion waves in porous beds of Bullseye subjected to impact by gun-driven pistons. Relationships between initial piston velocity and transition distance are shown. Comparison is made between the Bullseye response and that found in classic Type I DDT.


Deflagration-to-detonation transition Bullseye powder PDV DDT 



Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-mission laboratory managed and operated by National Technology and Engineering Solutions of Sandia, LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Honeywell International Inc., for the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration under Contract DE-NA0003525. This paper describes objective technical results and analysis. Any subjective views or opinions that might be expressed in the paper do not necessarily represent the views of the U.S. Department of Energy or the United States Government.


  1. 1.
    Gipson, R.W., Maček, A.: Flame fronts and compression waves during transition from deflagration to detonation in solids. Symp. (Int.) Combust. 8(1), 847–854 (1961). CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Griffiths, N., Groocock, J.M.: The burning to detonation of solid explosives. J. Chem. Soc. 0, 4154–4162 (1960). CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Maček, A.: Transition from deflagration to detonation in cast explosives. J. Chem. Phys. 31(1), 162–167 (1959). CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bernecker, R.R., Sandusky, W.W., Clairmont, A.R.: Deflagration-to-detonation transition of a double base propellant. Eighth Symposium (International) on Detonation, Albuquerque, NM (1985)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Samirant, M.: DDT in RDX and ball powder. Eighth Symposium (International) on Detonation, Albuquerque, NM (1985)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gifford, M.J., Luebcke, P.E., Field, J.E.: A mechanism for the deflagration-to-detonation transition in ultrafine granular explosives. AIP Conf. Proc. 505, 845–848 (2000). CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    McAfee, J.M., Asay, B.W., Bdzil, J.B.: Deflagration-to-detonation in granular HMX: ignition, kinetics, and shock formation. Tenth Symposium (International) on Detonation, Boston, MA (1993)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Smilowitz, L., et al.: The evolution of solid density within a thermal explosion II. Dynamic proton radiography of cracking and solid consumption by burning. J. Appl. Phys. 111(10), 103516 (2012). CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Tringe, J.W., et al.: Observation and modeling of deflagration-to-detonation transition (DDT) in low-density HMX. AIP Conf. Proc. 1793, 060024 (2017). CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    McAfee, J.M., Asay, B.W., Campbell, A.W., Ramsay, J.B.: The deflagration-to-detonation transition in granular HMX. 9th Symposium (International) on Detonation, Portland, OR (1991)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Luebcke, P.E., Dickson, P.M., Field, J.E.: Deflagration-to-detonation transition in granular pentaerythritol tetranitrate. J. Appl. Phys. 79(7), 3499–3503 (1996). CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Asay, B.: Shock Wave Science and Technology Reference Library, Vol. 5: Non-shock Initiation of Explosives. Springer, Berlin (2010). Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Asay, B.W., Son, S.F., Bdzil, J.B.: The role of gas permeation in convective burning. Int. J. Multiph. Flow 22(5), 923–952 (1996). CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Dong, H., Zan, W., Hong, T., Zhang, X.: Numerical simulation of deflagration to detonation transition in granular HMX explosives under thermal ignition. J. Therm. Anal. Calorim. 127(1), 975–981 (2016). CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ermolaev, B.S., Belyaev, A.A., Viktorov, S.B., Sleptsov, K.A., Zharikova, S.Y.: Nonideal regimes of deflagration and detonation of black powder. Russ. J. Phys. Chem. B 4(3), 428–439 (2010). CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Son, S.F., Asay, B.W., Bdzil, J.B.: Inert plug formation in the DDT of granular energetic materials. AIP Conf. Proc. 370, 441 (1996). CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ramsay, J.B., Popolato, A.: Analysis of shock wave and initiation data for solid explosives. In: Fourth Symposium (International) on Detonation. Silver Spring, MD (1965)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sandia National LaboratoriesAlbuquerqueUSA
  2. 2.Spring Hill Energetics, LLCAtchisonUSA

Personalised recommendations