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Shock Waves

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 209–219 | Cite as

Influence of the geometry of protective barriers on the propagation of shock waves

  • I. Sochet
  • S. Eveillard
  • J. Y. Vinçont
  • P. F. Piserchia
  • X. Rocourt
Original Article

Abstract

The protection of industrial facilities, classified as hazardous, against accidental or intentional explosions represents a major challenge for the prevention of personal injury and property damage, which also involves social and economic issues. We consider here the use of physical barriers against the effects of these explosions, which include the pressure wave, the projection of fragments and the thermal flash. This approach can be recommended for the control of major industrial risks, but no specific instructions are available for its implementation. The influence of a protective barrier against a detonation-type explosion is studied in small-scale experiments. The effects of overpressure are examined over the entire path of the shock wave across the barrier and in the downstream zone to be protected. Two series of barrier structures are studied. The first series (A) of experiments investigates two types of barrier geometry with dimensions based on NATO recommendations. These recommendations stipulate that the barrier should be 2 m higher than the charge height, the thickness at the crest should be more than 0.5 m, while its length should be equal to twice the protected structure length and the bank slope should be equivalent to the angle of repose of the soil. The second series (B) of experiments investigates the influence of geometrical parameters of the barrier (thickness at the crest and inclination angles of the front and rear faces) on its protective effects. This project leads to an advance in our understanding of the physical phenomena involved in the propagation of blast waves resulting from an external explosion, in the area around a protective physical barrier. The study focuses on the dimensioning of protective barriers against overpressure effects arising from detonation and shows the advantage of using a barrier with a vertical front or rear face.

Keywords

Protective barrier Explosion effect Shock wave  Blast load Detonation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study is part of the BARPPRO ANR research programme (dimensioning physical protective barriers against propagation of pressure waves following an explosion). The work was carried out at the ANR and CEA, who provided financial support.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. Sochet
    • 1
  • S. Eveillard
    • 2
  • J. Y. Vinçont
    • 2
  • P. F. Piserchia
    • 2
  • X. Rocourt
    • 1
  1. 1.INSA Centre Val de LoireUniversité d’Orléans, PRISME EA 4229BourgesFrance
  2. 2.CEA DAM, DIFArpajonFrance

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