Shock Waves

, Volume 15, Issue 2, pp 113–128 | Cite as

A double-front structure of detonation wave as the result of phase transitions

Original Article


Using thermochemical code calculations, we show that the nanographite–nanodiamond phase transition, which may occur in the detonation products of a number of carbon containing explosives, can affect the detonation properties and can cause a specific detonation regime with some unusual peculiarities. Among them, we first note the failure of the Chapman–Jouguet condition and the presence of the sonic plane, where the Mach number is equal to unity, in a detonation product expansion wave at a lower pressure than that at the Chapman–Jouguet point. The peculiarities of this detonation regime are demonstrated by the example of TNT, HNS, and RDX. The computed detonation velocities are in excellent agreement with experiments over a wide range of initial charge densities for all of the investigated explosives. The results of this work allow one to explain, e.g., contradictory experimental data on the detonation pressure and on the length of the reaction zone for TNT. We believe that some other solid–solid, solid–liquid, and liquid–liquid phase transformations in the detonation products may also cause a detonation regime with the same features as shown here for the nanographite–nanodiamond transition. We suggest a computational study that should facilitate proposing detonation experiments strongly arguing in favor of the model presented.


Double-front detonation Anomalous detonation Thermochemical code Phase transition Carbon nanoparticles 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (State University)MoscowRussia

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