Bladder Neck Mobility and Urethral Closure Pressure as Predictors of Genuine Stress Incontinence
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Two hundred and seventy-five consecutive patients with symptoms of lower urinary tract dysfunction underwent urodynamic evaluation, including multichannel urodynamics, urethral pressure profilometry, X-ray and ultrasound imaging. After women with previous incontinence or prolapse surgery or pelvic radiotherapy and those with evidence of urethral kinking on ultrasound had been excluded, 179 datasets were analyzed. Both bladder neck descent (P<0.0001) and maximum urethral closure pressure (P<0.0001) were strongly associated with a fluoroscopic diagnosis of GSI. Only weak correlations between bladder neck mobility and urethral pressure parameters (highest r=−0.17) were observed. Regression analysis yielded a mathematical model that demonstrated a wide spread of odds ratios for GSI for the measured values (from <0.2 to >100). Bladder neck descent explained 29% and urethral closure pressure 12% of overall variability. Both bladder neck mobility and maximum urethral closure pressure are strong predictors of the diagnosis of GSI, provided major confounders are excluded. Bladder neck mobility appears to be the stronger predictor.
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