Sexual satisfaction in patients with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome after surgical and non-surgical techniques: a systematic review
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Introduction and hypothesis
The treatment and mental support of patients with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome are very important. Many of these patients seek treatment to improve their sexual relationships and the quality of their sexual life. This systematic review sought to evaluate the sexual satisfaction of patients with MRKH syndrome following various types of vaginoplasty and non-surgical procedures over the past 10 years.
A systematic review of studies published in English during 2008–2018 was performed. Electronic databases and valid sites, including PubMed, EMBASE, Science Direct, Cochrane Library, SCOPUS, Ovid, and ProQuest, were searched for articles published from the beginning of 2008 to February 2018. Literature restricted to women with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome who underwent vaginoplasty surgery or a non-surgical technique was reviewed. Of 195 papers identified, 45 articles were analyzed. All studies that reported sexual and functional outcomes following various vaginoplasty procedures and non-surgical procedures were selected.
Greater vaginal length and higher sexual satisfaction were observed following surgical procedures than after non-surgical techniques. A range of complications was reported following the use of different surgical approaches. The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) was the most commonly applied tool to measure sexual satisfaction, but its results were not always in agreement with the findings of other research tools. Finally, women who underwent surgical techniques had higher sexual activity levels than those who received non-surgical procedures.
The reviewed studies highlighted the need for further quantitative and qualitative research on the sexual performance and outcomes of patients with MRKH syndrome.
KeywordsSexual satisfaction Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome Surgical Non-surgical
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflicts of interest