Ergonomics: making the OR a comfortable place



The objective of this video is to highlight strategies to improve operating room (OR) ergonomics, which will result in increased surgeon comfort during minimally invasive gynecologic surgery and decreased risk of musculoskeletal injury.


Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) are prevalent among surgeons, including those who perform minimally invasive gynecologic surgery. WMSDs are repetitive strain injuries that can damage a surgeon’s muscles, nerves, and/or joints and commonly affect the neck, back, wrist, and hands. In addition to chronic pain, these injuries can lead to decreased job satisfaction and productivity.


This video will discuss general ergonomic principles and demonstrate ergonomic techniques in conventional laparoscopic, vaginal, and robotic surgery.


Minimally invasive gynecologic surgery can be physically taxing on the surgeon. Understanding principles and utilizing techniques of OR ergonomics can minimize these physical demands and result in a long, healthy, and pain-free surgical career.

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Author information

Correspondence to Olivia Cardenas-Trowers.

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Written informed consent was obtained from the patient for publication of this video manuscript and any accompanying images.

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Video presented at the 2018 AUGS Pelvic Floor Disorders Week scientific conference October 2018 in Chicago, IL.

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Cardenas-Trowers, O., Kjellsson, K. & Hatch, K. Ergonomics: making the OR a comfortable place. Int Urogynecol J 29, 1065–1066 (2018) doi:10.1007/s00192-018-3674-7

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  • Ergonomics
  • Surgical education
  • Surgeon injury
  • Gynecology
  • Minimally invasive surgery
  • Surgical video