International Urogynecology Journal

, Volume 28, Issue 4, pp 641–644 | Cite as

Robot-assisted extravesical vesicovaginal fistula repair utilizing laparoscopically mobilized omental flap interposition

  • Kara L. WattsEmail author
  • Richard Ho
  • Reza Ghavamian
  • Nitya Abraham
IUJ Video


Introduction and hypothesis

High vesicovaginal fistulas (VVF) in the setting of good apical support are best repaired via a transabdominal approach. Laparoscopic VVF repair was first reported in 1998. Several series of robot-assisted VVF repairs have since been published. The robot-assisted approach allows repair of high apical vaginal fistulas while avoiding the morbidity of laparotomy, shortening convalescence, and facilitating the use of omental interposition flaps. This video presents the technique for robot-assisted extravesical VVF repair utilizing a laparoscopically mobilized omental flap.


A 43-year-old woman developed a VVF after a total abdominal hysterectomy for fibroids. Pre-operative CT urogram and office cystoscopy confirmed the diagnosis and ruled out ureteral involvement. She underwent a robot-assisted extravesical VVF repair utilizing a laparoscopically mobilized omental flap.


The surgery was uncomplicated, and the patient was discharged on post-operative day 1. A cystogram 2 weeks post-operatively revealed no evidence of a fistula. At 3 months follow-up, the patient denied any urinary incontinence.


Robot-assisted extravesical VVF repair avoids the morbidity of a laparotomy, provides excellent exposure, and avoids a large cystotomy. It maintains vaginal length and allows for significantly better visualization compared with the transvaginal approach. This repair offers improved outcomes for certain patients depending on their history, anatomy, and the surgeon’s experience.


Omental flap Robotic Vesicovaginal fistula 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest



Written informed consent was obtained from the patient for publication of this video article and any accompanying images.

Supplementary material


(MP4 79779 kb)


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Copyright information

© The International Urogynecological Association 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kara L. Watts
    • 1
    Email author
  • Richard Ho
    • 2
  • Reza Ghavamian
    • 1
  • Nitya Abraham
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of UrologyMontefiore Medical Center and Albert Einstein College of MedicineBronxUSA
  2. 2.Albert Einstein College of MedicineBronxUSA

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