International Urogynecology Journal

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 165–194 | Cite as

An International Urogynecological Association (IUGA) / International Continence Society (ICS) joint report on the terminology for female pelvic organ prolapse (POP)

  • Bernard T. HaylenEmail author
  • Christopher F. Maher
  • Matthew D. Barber
  • Sérgio Camargo
  • Vani Dandolu
  • Alex Digesu
  • Howard B. Goldman
  • Martin Huser
  • Alfredo L. Milani
  • Paul A. Moran
  • Gabriel. N. Schaer
  • Mariëlla I. J. Withagen
Special Contribution



The terminology for female pelvic floor prolapse (POP) should be defined and organized in a clinically-based consensus Report.


This Report combines the input of members of two International Organizations, the International Urogynecological Association (IUGA) and the International Continence Society (ICS), assisted at intervals by external referees. Appropriate core clinical categories and a sub-classification were developed to give a coding to definitions. An extensive process of fourteen rounds of internal and external review was involved to exhaustively examine each definition, with decision-making by collective opinion (consensus).


A Terminology Report for female POP, encompassing over 230 separate definitions, has been developed. It is clinically-based with the most common diagnoses defined. Clarity and user-friendliness have been key aims to make it interpretable by practitioners and trainees in all the different specialty groups involved in female pelvic floor dysfunction and POP. Female-specific imaging (ultrasound, radiology and MRI) and conservative and surgical managements are major additions and appropriate figures have been included to supplement and clarify the text. Emerging concepts and measurements, in use in the literature and offering further research potential, but requiring further validation, have been included as an appendix. Interval (5–10 year) review is anticipated to keep the document updated and as widely acceptable as possible.


A consensus-based Terminology Report for female POP has been produced to aid clinical practice and research.


Pelvic organ prolapse Female Terminology report Standardization report 



The assistance of Prof Steven Swift is gratefully acknowledged for the Simplified POP-Q section and other helpful input. Prof John DeLancey also contributed helpful input to “Prolapse quantification” and the Appendix. We thank our invited external reviewers Prof Steven Swift, Prof Mark Vierhout, Prof Michele Meschia, Prof Doug Tincello and Prof Don Wilson for their constructive contributions. We also thank those who submitted constructive comments following IUGA and ICS website presentation of Version 12: Dr Kiran Ashok, Prof Phil Toozs-Hobson, Dr Kamil Svabik. Further helpful comments were received at an open forum at ICS Montreal from Beth Shelly, Julia Herbert, Kari Bo and Joe Lee. The talents of medical illustrator, Levent Efe were crucial to the development of this document

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

BT Haylen: No disclosures.

CF Maher: No disclosures.

MD Barber: No disclosures.

SFM Camargo: No disclosures.

V Dandolu: Research grant–Allegan, Consultant-Pfizer; A Digesu: Honorarium for lectures or sponsorship to cover travel expenses at Meetings from: Astellas, Pfizer, Allergan, AMS, Medtronic, Uroplasty.

HB Goldman: Consultant – Allergan, Medtronic, Uroplasty; Speaker – Astellas, Allergan, Medtronic, Uroplasty.

M Huser: No disclosures.

AL Milani: No disclosures.

PA Moran: Speaker & consultant: Astellas and Ethicon Women’s Health and Urology. Consultant: Boston Scientific.

GN Schaer: Advisor (in Switzerland) for Astellas, Novartis, Pfizer.

MIJ Withagen: Research Grant 2010–Ethicon Women’s Health & Urology.


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Copyright information

© Wiley Periodicals Inc., and The International Urogynecological Association 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bernard T. Haylen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Christopher F. Maher
    • 2
  • Matthew D. Barber
    • 3
  • Sérgio Camargo
    • 4
  • Vani Dandolu
    • 5
  • Alex Digesu
    • 6
  • Howard B. Goldman
    • 3
  • Martin Huser
    • 7
  • Alfredo L. Milani
    • 8
  • Paul A. Moran
    • 9
  • Gabriel. N. Schaer
    • 10
  • Mariëlla I. J. Withagen
    • 11
  1. 1.University of New South WalesDarlinghurstAustralia
  2. 2.University of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia
  3. 3.Cleveland ClinicClevelandUSA
  4. 4.Hospital Presidente VargaPorto-Alegre-RSBrazil
  5. 5.University of Nevada, Las VegasLas VegasUSA
  6. 6.St Mary’s HospitalLondonUK
  7. 7.Brno University HospitalBrnoCzech Republic
  8. 8.Reinier de Graaf GasthuisDelftNetherlands
  9. 9.Worcestershire Royal HospitalWorcesterUK
  10. 10.KantonsspitalAarauSwitzerland
  11. 11.University Medical CentreUtrechtNetherlands

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