International Urogynecology Journal

, Volume 26, Issue 9, pp 1393–1394 | Cite as

An ultrasound approach to the posterior compartment and anorectal dysfunction

  • A. C. Santiago
  • D. E. O’Leary
  • L. H. Quiroz
  • M. A. Nihira
  • S. A. ShobeiriEmail author
IUJ Video


Introduction and hypothesis

Patients with anorectal dysfunction are common and can be quite challenging to diagnose. The common underlying causes for such conditions are usually anatomical in nature, which may be difficult to fully evaluate by clinical examination alone. The aim of this video was to demonstrate how multicompartmental ultrasound imaging can be utilized clinically in the evaluation of patients with anorectal dysfunction.


Pertinent ultrasound findings of the common anatomical causes of defecatory dysfunction were discussed in this video.


Different ultrasound techniques were shown.


In conclusion, multicompartmental ultrasound imaging is an easy, cost-efficient, and valuable tool in the evaluation of patients with anorectal dysfunction.


Pelvic floor imaging Multicompartmental ultrasound Anorectal dysfunction 


Financial disclaimer

Dr S.A. Shobeiri has received research grants from Medtronics, Uroplasty, Analogic, AUGS, and AMS. Dr M.A. Nihira is a consultant and has received research grants from AMS and Cook.


Written informed consent was obtained from the patient for publication of this video article and any accompanying images.

Conflicts of interest


Authors’ contributions

A.C. Santiago: project development, video-making and editing, manuscript writing; D.E. O’Leary: project development, video and manuscript editing; L.H. Quiroz: project development, video and manuscript editing; M.A. Nihira: project development, video and manuscript editing; S.A. Shobeiri: project development, video and manuscript editing, overseeing the project.

Supplementary material


(MP4 20816 kb)


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Copyright information

© The International Urogynecological Association 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. C. Santiago
    • 1
  • D. E. O’Leary
    • 1
  • L. H. Quiroz
    • 1
  • M. A. Nihira
    • 1
  • S. A. Shobeiri
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Division of Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyUniversity of Oklahoma Health Sciences CenterOklahoma CityUSA

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