Bladder perforation during sling procedures: diagnosis and management of injury

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Introduction and hypothesis

Midurethral slings are an effective and minimally invasive treatment for stress urinary incontinence. One of the most common intraoperative complications is bladder perforation, complicating between 2 and 10 % of all operations, and on average 4.7 %. It is usually corrected during surgery, with repositioning of the trocars. The purpose of this video is to demonstrate a method of replacing the trocars under direct vision.


This video exhibits a bladder perforation during insertion of a retropubic midurethral sling (Advantage Fit™; Boston Scientific) and gives a step-by step guide to the removal and repositioning of the sling under direct visualisation.


Repositioning of the trocars under direct vision in cases of bladder perforation may have numerous advantages. It may prevent damage to the urethra, possibly reduce the risk of postoperative infection and may be beneficial for trainees.

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Written informed consent was obtained from the patient for publication of this video article and any accompanying images.

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Correspondence to F. Israfil-Bayli.

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Israfil-Bayli, F., Bulchandani, S., Parsons, M. et al. Bladder perforation during sling procedures: diagnosis and management of injury. Int Urogynecol J 25, 691–692 (2014) doi:10.1007/s00192-013-2291-8

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  • Bladder perforation
  • Stress incontinence
  • Midurethral slings
  • Tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) cystoscopy