International Urogynecology Journal

, Volume 24, Issue 12, pp 2071–2076 | Cite as

Impact of menopausal status on the outcome of pelvic floor physiotherapy in women with urinary incontinence

  • Christiana Campani Nygaard
  • Cornelia Betschart
  • Ahmed A. Hafez
  • Erica Lewis
  • Ilias Chasiotis
  • Stergios K. Doumouchtsis
Original Article

Abstract

Introduction and hypothesis

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of pelvic floor muscle training in pre- and postmenopausal women using a quality-of-life questionnaire.

Methods

We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 96 patients with urinary incontinence who participated in a pelvic floor muscle-training (PFMT) program at the Physiotherapy Department in a London University Hospital between January 2010 and August 2011.

Results

A period of supervised PFMT resulted in significant improvement in symptoms of stress urinary incontinence, urge urinary incontinence, urgency, frequency, and nocturia, irrespective of menopausal status.

Conclusions

Pre- and postmenopausal women experience similar outcomes in relation to urinary symptoms following a short-term supervised PFMT.

Keywords

Pelvic floor muscle training Premenopausal Postmenopausal Urinary incontinence 

Abbreviations

UI

Urinary incontinence

PFMT

Pelvic floor muscle training

PFM

Pelvic floor muscle

SUI

Stress urinary incontinence

UUI

Urge urinary incontinence

QOL

Quality-of-life questionnaire

ICIQ-FLUTS

International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire/Female Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms

OAB

Overactive bladder

HRT

Hormonal replacement therapy

BMI

Body mass index

Notes

Conflicts of interest

Christiana Campani Nygaard, Ahmed A. Hafez, Erica Lewis and Ilias Chasiotis declares no conflicts of interest.

Cornelia Betschart, Sponsorship by Astellas, Allergan and Pfizer for participation in meetings.

Stergios K. Doumouchtsis, Sponsorship by Astellas and Pfizer for participation in meetings.

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Copyright information

© The International Urogynecological Association 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christiana Campani Nygaard
    • 1
  • Cornelia Betschart
    • 2
  • Ahmed A. Hafez
    • 3
  • Erica Lewis
    • 4
  • Ilias Chasiotis
    • 5
  • Stergios K. Doumouchtsis
    • 6
  1. 1.Departament of GynaecologyPontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, St George´s Healthcare NHS TrustPorto AlegreBrazil
  2. 2.Department of GynecologyUniversity Hospital ZurichZurichSwitzerland
  3. 3.Faculty of Health and Social Care SciencesKingston University, St. George’s University of LondonLondonUK
  4. 4.St George’s Healthcare NHS TrustLondonUK
  5. 5.Department of Obstetric and GynecologyGeneral Hospital of NikaiaAthensGreece
  6. 6.St George’s Healthcare NHS Trust / St George’s University of LondonLondonUK

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