International Urogynecology Journal

, Volume 24, Issue 11, pp 1939–1946 | Cite as

Improving the accuracy of prolapse and incontinence procedure epidemiology by utilizing both inpatient and outpatient data

  • Christopher S. Elliott
  • Kim F. Rhoads
  • Craig V. Comiter
  • Bertha Chen
  • Eric R. Sokol
Original Article


Introduction and hypothesis

The epidemiologic description of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and stress urinary incontinence (SUI) procedures is documented in several large studies using national database cohorts. These studies, however, may underestimate the number of procedures performed because they only capture procedures performed in either the inpatient or outpatient settings alone. We present a complete annual description of all inpatient and outpatient surgeries for POP and SUI in California.


We reviewed a record of all inpatient and outpatient POP and SUI surgeries performed in California in 2008 using data from the Office of Statewide Health Planning (OSHPD).


In 2008, 20,004 and 20,330 women in California underwent POP and SUI procedures, respectively. Of these, 3,134 (15.6 %) and 9,016 (44.3 %) were performed in an outpatient setting. The age-adjusted rates of POP and SUI were 1.20 and 1.20 per 1,000 US females, respectively. This correlates to 186,000 POP and 186,000 SUI procedures per year nationally. Vaginal apical suspensions were more common in those undergoing surgery as an inpatient (45.1 vs 19.4 %). The use of mesh to augment prolapse repairs was similar (22.3 % inpatient vs 19.3 % outpatient). SUI procedures performed in the outpatient setting were more likely to be performed as stand-alone procedures (82.9 vs 18.8 %, respectively).


In California, 16 % of POP and 44 % of SUI procedures were performed in an outpatient surgical setting in 2008. Epidemiologic studies of POP and SUI should account for the fact that a substantial number of repairs are performed in the outpatient setting in order to achieve accuracy.


Pelvic organ prolapse Stress urinary incontinence Epidemiology Surgery 



Kim Rhoads’ work on this project was supported by a Harold Amos Medical Faculty Development Award from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.

Conflicts of interest



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Copyright information

© The International Urogynecological Association 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher S. Elliott
    • 1
  • Kim F. Rhoads
    • 2
  • Craig V. Comiter
    • 1
  • Bertha Chen
    • 3
  • Eric R. Sokol
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of UrologyStanford University School of MedicineStanfordUSA
  2. 2.Department of General SurgeryStanford University School of MedicineStanfordUSA
  3. 3.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyStanford University School of MedicineStanfordUSA

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