International Urogynecology Journal

, Volume 23, Issue 12, pp 1665–1669 | Cite as

Does the G-spot exist? A review of the current literature

  • Vincenzo Puppo
  • Ilan Gruenwald
Clinical Opinion


In 1950, Gräfenberg described a distinct erotogenic zone on the anterior wall of the vagina, which was referred to as the Gräfenberg spot (G-spot) by Addiego, Whipple (a nurse) et al. in 1981. As a result, the G-spot has become a central topic of popular speculation and a basis of a huge business surrounding it. In our opinion, these sexologists have made a hotchpotch of Gräfenberg’s thoughts and ideas that were set forth and expounded in his 1950 article: the intraurethral glands are not the corpus spongiosum of the female urethra, and Gräfenberg did not report an orgasm of the intraurethral glands. G-spot amplification is a cosmetic surgery procedure for temporarily increasing the size and sensitivity of the G-spot in which a dermal filler or a collagen-like material is injected into the bladder–vaginal septum. All published scientific data point to the fact that the G-spot does not exist, and the supposed G-spot should not be identified with Gräfenberg’s name. Moreover, G-spot amplification is not medically indicated and is an unnecessary and inefficacious medical procedure.


Vulvovaginal surgery Urethra Female prostate Female orgasm Clitoris Vagina 


Conflicts of interest



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Copyright information

© The International Urogynecological Association 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centro Italiano di Sessuologia (CIS)BolognaItaly
  2. 2.Neurourology UnitRambam Healthcare CampusHaifaIsrael
  3. 3.FlorenceItaly

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