International Urogynecology Journal

, Volume 23, Issue 12, pp 1753–1761 | Cite as

Minimal mesh repair for apical and anterior prolapse: initial anatomical and subjective outcomes

  • Manhan K. Vu
  • Juraj Letko
  • Kelly Jirschele
  • Adam Gafni-Kane
  • Aimee Nguyen
  • Honyan Du
  • Roger P. Goldberg
Original Article


Introduction and hypothesis

Here we describe anatomic and quality of life (QOL) outcomes of an anterior and apical compartment prolapse repair involving a reduced mesh implant size and apex-only fixation.


One hundred and fifteen patients undergoing the repair at a single urogynecology center were assessed using the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) and inpatient chart reviews. A horizontal incision eliminated overlap with the mesh, and each sacrospinous ligament was approached anteriorly by blunt dissection. Recurrence was defined as apical (C), or anterior (Aa or Ba) ≥0, and secondary analyses were performed using POP-Q ≥ −1 as the anatomic threshold. Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI), Surgical Satisfaction Questionnaires (SSQ) and a dyspareunia symptom scale were analyzed pre- and postoperatively.


Fifty-three women with uterus in situ demonstrated a combined anterior–apical recurrence rate of 1.89 %, including no anterior (Ba ≥ −1) and one apical (C ≥ −1) recurrence. Forty-seven women undergoing repair for vault prolapse had recurrence rates ranging from 0 % in those with prior hysterectomy to 4.2 % in those undergoing concurrent hysterectomy. The rate of mesh exposure was 3/115 (2.6 %), including two in women with concurrent hysterectomy. Self-reported dyspareunia was more common preoperatively (13.4 %) than postoperatively (9.3 %). PFDI scores improved in all domains, and 93 % completing the SSQ reported they were satisfied and would choose the surgery again.


This technique resulted in successful outcomes within both anterior and apical compartments with a low rate of mesh complication, and no cases required mesh removal or hospital readmission. High rates of satisfaction and improved condition-specific QOL were observed.


Cystocele Uterine prolapse Mesh Pelvic organ prolapse Uphold Quality of life 


Financial Disclosure/Conflict of interest

No financial support was received for this study. Dr. Goldberg is consultant for and receives royalties from Boston Scientific Corporation


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Copyright information

© The International Urogynecological Association 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manhan K. Vu
    • 1
    • 3
  • Juraj Letko
    • 1
  • Kelly Jirschele
    • 1
  • Adam Gafni-Kane
    • 1
  • Aimee Nguyen
    • 1
  • Honyan Du
    • 2
  • Roger P. Goldberg
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Chicago Pritzker School of MedicineNorthShore University HealthSystem Division of UrogynecologyEvanstonUSA
  2. 2.Center for Clinical and Research InformaticsNorthShore University HealthSystemEvanstonUSA
  3. 3.Fort WorthUSA

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