International Urogynecology Journal

, Volume 23, Issue 6, pp 665–667 | Cite as

Surgery for cystocele III: do all cystoceles involve apical descent?

Observations on cause and effect
Debate: Surgical Correction of Cystocele


Conflicts of interest

The Pelvic Floor Research Group that Dr. DeLancey directs receives research support from the National Institutes of Health, American Medical System, Johnson and Johnson, and Kimberly Clark.


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Copyright information

© The International Urogynecological Association 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Norman F. Miller Professor of Gynecology, University of Michigan Medical CenterAnn ArborUSA

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