Randomized controlled trial of cough test versus no cough test in the tension-free vaginal tape procedure: effect upon voiding dysfunction and 12-month efficacy
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Introduction and hypothesis
This is a prospective randomized controlled trial of cough versus no cough test in the tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) procedure to determine its effect upon voiding dysfunction and 12-month efficacy.
The trial was conducted in a single tertiary urogynecology unit. Women ≥21 years old with primary urodynamic stress incontinence without voiding dysfunction were considered eligible. Participants were randomized to undergo the TVT procedure using either an intraoperative cough test or using no intraoperative cough test. Our hypothesis was that postoperative voiding dysfunction would be more common in the “no cough test” arm. The primary outcome was proportion of patients successfully completing a trial of void (TOV) within 24 h of catheter removal. Efficacy at 12 months comprised the secondary outcome. Participants were randomized using a computer-generated randomization sequence by an independent party who was not the operating surgeon. Due to the nature of the intervention to be tested, neither the patients nor the operating surgeons were blinded to the randomization process during the procedure.
This trial is reported according to the recommendations of the 2010 CONSORT statement. In total, 94 women were recruited over a 4-year study period. Of these, 92 women were randomized (47 in the “cough” group and 45 in the “no cough” group). In one case, the TVT procedure was abandoned intraoperatively, leaving 91 women who underwent analysis. There was no significant difference in the proportion of women with a successful TOV within 24 h between the two arms (79% in the “cough” group versus 71% in the “no cough” group; p = 0.47). Efficacy data at 12 months were not significantly different between groups.
Our data suggest that the performance of the intraoperative cough test during the TVT procedure does not reduce the incidence of postoperative voiding dysfunction (as determined by successful TOV within 24 h) nor affect efficacy. The removal of the cough test from the standard TVT technique may be appropriate.
KeywordsCough test Technique TVT Voiding dysfunction
We wish to acknowledge Dr Richard Morris, MB BS, FRANZCA, Head of the Department of Anesthetics of St George Hospital for the establishment and maintenance of the anesthetic protocol throughout the study period; Hayley Leek and Katrina Parkin, Research Nurses in the Department of Urogynaecology, St George Hospital, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia for the help with the data collection; and George Dalamangas for the help with data analysis.
Conflicts of interest
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