International Urogynecology Journal

, Volume 22, Issue 1, pp 17–22

A randomized controlled trial of antenatal pelvic floor exercises to prevent and treat urinary incontinence

  • Po-Chun Ko
  • Ching-Chung Liang
  • Shuenn-Dhy Chang
  • Jian-Tao Lee
  • An-Shine Chao
  • Po-Jen Cheng
Original Article

Abstract

Introduction and hypothesis

The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of antenatal pelvic floor muscle exercise (PFME) in the prevention and treatment of urinary incontinence during pregnancy and postpartum period.

Methods

Three hundred women were randomly assigned to the PFME group and control group. Urinary symptoms were measured by Urogenital Distress Inventory-6 (UDI-6), Incontinence Impact Questionnaire-7 (IIQ-7), and question of self-reported urinary incontinence. Questionnaire scores of the PFME and the control groups were compared and analyzed.

Results

During late pregnancy and the postpartum period, the PFME group had significantly lower total UDI-6 and IIQ-7 scores; their self-report rate of urinary incontinence was also less than the control group. Additionally, we found whether in PFME or control, women who delivered vaginally were more likely to develop postpartum urinary leakage than women who delivered by cesarean section.

Conclusions

PFME applied in pregnancy is effective in the treatment and prevention of urinary incontinence during pregnancy, and this effect may persist to postpartum period.

Keywords

Pelvic floor muscle exercise Pregnancy Postpartum Urinary incontinence 

Abbreviations

SUI

Stress urinary incontinence

PFME

Pelvic floor muscle exercise

IIQ-7

Incontinence Impact Questionnaire

UDI-6

Urogenital Distress Inventory

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Copyright information

© The International Urogynecological Association 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Po-Chun Ko
    • 1
  • Ching-Chung Liang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Shuenn-Dhy Chang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jian-Tao Lee
    • 3
  • An-Shine Chao
    • 1
    • 2
  • Po-Jen Cheng
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyChang Gung Memorial Hospital at LinkouTaoyuanRepublic of China
  2. 2.College of MedicineChang Gung UniversityTaoyuanRepublic of China
  3. 3.School of NursingChang Gung UniversityTaoyuanRepublic of China

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