Displacement of ureteral orifices following anterior colporrhaphy
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Introduction and hypothesis
It is currently unknown whether ureteral orifices maintain their anatomic location after reconstructive pelvic surgeries. We therefore aimed to assess ureteral orifices' location after anterior colporrhaphy.
Between August and December 2007, patients undergoing anterior colporrhaphy for advanced cystocele in our institution underwent cystoscopy with intravenous dye injection and placement of ureteral catheters before and after the surgery. Each ureteral orifice location was marked on an X–Y coordinate on the posterior bladder wall before and after surgery.
Thirteen women aged 44–80 years were included in the study. Postoperatively, ureteral orifices were noted to migrate 0.65 ± 0.3 cm caudally (closer to the urethrovesical junction) (p = 0.002) and 0.32 ± 0.5 cm laterally (p < 0.05).
Anterior colporrhaphy is associated with significant caudal and lateral displacement of both ureteral orifices. These findings are of potential importance for pelvic reconstructive surgeons and may facilitate faster cystoscopic evaluation of ureteral patency postoperatively. They may also have implications on the angle of the preferred optical equipment to be used.
KeywordsAnterior colporrhaphy Cystoscopy Ureteral orifices
Conflicts of interest