International Urogynecology Journal

, Volume 18, Issue 10, pp 1151–1161 | Cite as

Prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms among female elementary school teachers in Taipei

  • Yuan-Mei LiaoEmail author
  • Molly C. Dougherty
  • Paul P. Biemer
  • Alice R. Boyington
  • Chin-Tai Liao
  • Mary H. Palmer
  • Mary R. Lynn
Original Article


The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) among female elementary school teachers in Taipei. A total of 520 self-administered surveys were distributed to 26 elementary schools in Taipei City. Data analyses were based on 445 usable surveys. The prevalence rates for different types of LUTS ranged from 9.9 to 44.5%. The prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI; 26.7%) and nocturia (16.0%) fell within the prevalence estimates of these LUTS in North American and European women. Employed women in this study were more likely to experience LUTS than women in previous epidemiological or community studies. This study extended research on UI into other LUTS among employed women in Asia. Study results suggest that the working environment may affect LUTS in female elementary school teachers. This preliminary study is important for developing future behavioral interventions for female LUTS in the workplace.


Prevalence Lower urinary tract symptoms Urinary incontinence Employed women Female school teachers Occupation 



The authors wish to acknowledge the assistance of all the elementary school teachers who participated in this study as well as Teresa Edwards (assistant director for survey research) and Christopher A. Wiesen (statistical analyst) at the Odum Institute for Research in Social Science, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill for consultation on the instrument development and the statistical analyses.


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Copyright information

© International Urogynecology Journal 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuan-Mei Liao
    • 1
    Email author
  • Molly C. Dougherty
    • 2
  • Paul P. Biemer
    • 3
  • Alice R. Boyington
    • 4
  • Chin-Tai Liao
    • 5
  • Mary H. Palmer
    • 2
  • Mary R. Lynn
    • 2
  1. 1.College of NursingTaipei Medical UniversityTaipeiTaiwan
  2. 2.School of NursingUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  3. 3.Odum InstituteUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  4. 4.Nursing Research and EducationH. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research InstituteTampaUSA
  5. 5.Taipei Municipal Guang Fu Primary SchoolTaipeiTaiwan

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