International Urogynecology Journal

, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp 193–198 | Cite as

Is objective cure of mild undifferentiated incontinence more readily achieved than that of moderate incontinence? Costs and 2-year outcome

  • R. O'Sullivan
  • A. Simons
  • S. Prashar
  • P. Anderson
  • M. Louey
  • K. H. Moore
Original Article


Because the prognostic value of 1-h pad testing has received scant attention, we tested the hypothesis that mild incontinence of any etiology is more readily cured than moderate incontinence. A consecutive series of 150 patients with mild (2–9.9 g) to moderate (10–49.9 g) incontinence (as judged by weight gain on 1-h pad testing) [1] attending a urogynecology unit were recruited, of whom 145 completed all baseline objective measures: 110 completed 12 weeks of conservative therapy, with follow-up data at 2 years available for 51 subjects. At 12 weeks 81% of 'mild' patients became 'dry' on the 1-h pad test versus 36.8% in the moderate group (χ2 <0.0001). Interestingly the post-treatment changes seen in all other outcomes demonstrated equally positive responses for the mild and moderate groups. At 2-year follow-up 29/71 (40.8%) of patients with mild incontinence and 22/74 (29.7%) of patients with moderate incontinence were satisfied and had no requirement for further therapy, the remainder having sought other treatments (χ2=1.963 P=0.161). Of the responders, (11/29) (37.9%) of mildly incontinent patients and (8/22 (36.4%)) of moderately affected subjects remained continent (on 20-point incontinence score ≤2 m, χ2=0.013, P=0.9087). Improvements in quality of life persisted to an equal degree in both groups.


Incontinence Outcomes Costs Prevention Motivation score 



Genuine stress incontinence


Detrusor instability


Sensory urgency


Frequency/volume chart


Nurse continence adviser


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Copyright information

© International Urogynecological Association 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. O'Sullivan
    • 1
  • A. Simons
    • 1
  • S. Prashar
    • 1
  • P. Anderson
    • 1
  • M. Louey
    • 1
  • K. H. Moore
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.The Pelvic Floor Unit, St George HospitalUniversity of New South WalesSydneyAustralia
  2. 2.First Floor, Pitney Clinical Sciences BuildingSt. George HospitalKogarahAustralia

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