Journal of Geodesy

, Volume 71, Issue 6, pp 320–336 | Cite as

A canonical theory for short GPS baselines. Part I: The baseline precision

Part I: The baseline precision
  • P. J. G. Teunissen


The present contribution is the first of four parts. It considers the precision of the floated and the fixed baseline. A measure is introduced for the gain in baseline precision which is experienced when the carrier phase double-differenced ambiguities are treated as integers instead of as reals. The properties of this measure are analyzed, and it is shown by means of principal angles how it relates to the change over time of the relative receiver-satellite geometry. We also present canonical forms of the baseline variance matrices for different measurement scenarios. These canonical forms make the relation between the various variance matrices transparent and thus present a simple way of studying their relative merits.


Canonical Form Carrier Phase Relative Merit Baseline Variance Present Contribution 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. J. G. Teunissen
    • 1
  1. 1.Delft Geodetic Computing Centre (LGR), Faculty of Geodesy, Delft University of Technology, Thijsseweg 11, 2629 JA Delft, The NetherlandsNL

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