Improving multi-GNSS ultra-rapid orbit determination for real-time precise point positioning

  • Xingxing Li
  • Xinghan Chen
  • Maorong Ge
  • Harald Schuh
Original Article
  • 319 Downloads

Abstract

Currently, with the rapid development of multi-constellation Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), the real-time positioning and navigation are undergoing dramatic changes with potential for a better performance. To provide more precise and reliable ultra-rapid orbits is critical for multi-GNSS real-time positioning, especially for the three merging constellations Beidou, Galileo and QZSS which are still under construction. In this contribution, we present a five-system precise orbit determination (POD) strategy to fully exploit the GPS \(+\) GLONASS \(+\) BDS \(+\) Galileo \(+\) QZSS observations from CDDIS \(+\) IGN \(+\) BKG archives for the realization of hourly five-constellation ultra-rapid orbit update. After adopting the optimized 2-day POD solution (updated every hour), the predicted orbit accuracy can be obviously improved for all the five satellite systems in comparison to the conventional 1-day POD solution (updated every 3 h). The orbit accuracy for the BDS IGSO satellites can be improved by about 80, 45 and 50% in the radial, cross and along directions, respectively, while the corresponding accuracy improvement for the BDS MEO satellites reaches about 50, 20 and 50% in the three directions, respectively. Furthermore, the multi-GNSS real-time precise point positioning (PPP) ambiguity resolution has been performed by using the improved precise satellite orbits. Numerous results indicate that combined GPS \(+\) BDS \(+\) GLONASS \(+\) Galileo (GCRE) kinematic PPP ambiguity resolution (AR) solutions can achieve the shortest time to first fix (TTFF) and highest positioning accuracy in all coordinate components. With the addition of the BDS, GLONASS and Galileo observations to the GPS-only processing, the GCRE PPP AR solution achieves the shortest average TTFF of 11 min with \(7{^{\circ }}\) cutoff elevation, while the TTFF of GPS-only, GR, GE and GC PPP AR solution is 28, 15, 20 and 17 min, respectively. As the cutoff elevation increases, the reliability and accuracy of GPS-only PPP AR solutions decrease dramatically, but there is no evident decrease for the accuracy of GCRE fixed solutions which can still achieve an accuracy of a few centimeters in the east and north components.

Keywords

Multi-GNSS Hourly ultra-rapid orbit Precise orbit determination Real-time PPP Precise point positioning 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Thanks go to the International GNSS Service (IGS) for providing multi-GNSS data and products. This study was financially supported by China Scholarship Council (CSC, File No. 201606270206) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41774030).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.German Research Centre for Geosciences (GFZ)PotsdamGermany

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