Journal of Geodesy

, Volume 88, Issue 4, pp 335–350 | Cite as

Instantaneous BeiDou+GPS RTK positioning with high cut-off elevation angles

  • P. J. G. Teunissen
  • R. Odolinski
  • D. Odijk
Original Article


As the Chinese BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) has become operational in the Asia-Pacific region, it is of importance to better understand as well as demonstrate the capabilities that a combination of BeiDou with GPS brings to positioning. In this contribution, a formal and empirical analysis is given of the single-epoch RTK positioning capabilities of such a combined system. This will be done for the single- and dual-frequency case, and in comparison with the BDS- and GPS-only performances. It will be shown that with the combined system, when more satellites are available, much larger than the customary cut-off elevations can be used. This is important, as such measurement set-up will significantly increase the GNSS applicability in constrained environments, such as e.g. in urban canyons or when low-elevation multipath is present.


BeiDou (BDS) GPS Multi-GNSS Integer ambiguity resolution Real time kinematic (RTK) Positioning Cut-off elevation 



This work has been executed in the framework of the Positioning Program of the Cooperative Research Centre for Spatial Information (CRC–SI). The first author is the recipient of an Australian Research Council (ARC) Federation Fellowship (Project number FF0883188). All this support is gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Spatial Sciences, GNSS Research CentreCurtin University of TechnologyPerthAustralia
  2. 2.Mathematical Geodesy and PositioningDelft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands

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