Journal of Geodesy

, Volume 87, Issue 6, pp 505–514 | Cite as

Impact of seasonal station motions on VLBI UT1 intensives results

  • Zinovy MalkinEmail author
Original Paper


UT1 estimates obtained from the very long baseline interferometry (VLBI) Intensives data depend on the station displacement model used during processing. In particular, because of seasonal variations, the instantaneous station position during the specific intensive session differs from the position predicted by the linear model generally used. This can cause systematic errors in UT1 Intensives results. In this paper, we first investigated the seasonal signal in the station displacements for the 5 VLBI antennas participating in UT1 Intensives observing programs, along with the 8 collocated GPS stations. It was found that a significant annual term is present in the time series for most stations, and its amplitude can reach 8 mm in the height component, and 2 mm in horizontal components. However, the annual signals found in the displacements of the collocated VLBI and GPS stations at some sites differ substantially in amplitude and phase. The semiannual harmonics are relatively small and unstable, and for most stations no prevailing signal was found in the corresponding frequency band. Then two UT1 Intensives series were computed with and without including the seasonal term found in the previous step in the station movement model. Comparison of these series has shown that neglecting the seasonal station position variations can cause a systematic error in UT1 estimates, which can exceed 1 \(\upmu \)s, depending on the observing program.


VLBI IVS GPS IGS Earth orientation parameters (EOP) UT1 intensives 



The author is grateful to Manuela Seitz (DGFI) and Peng Fang (SOPAC) for help in obtaining and discussing the GPS station position time series used for validation of the results of this work. The author thank the anonymous reviewers for careful reading the manuscript and useful and constructive reports. This paper is based on processing of VLBI observations collected on the international IVS network ( The hard work of the many people that makes this data available is highly appreciated.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pulkovo ObservatorySt. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.St. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia

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