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Journal of Geodesy

, Volume 81, Issue 6–8, pp 379–387 | Cite as

The International VLBI Service for Geodesy and Astrometry (IVS): current capabilities and future prospects

  • Wolfgang Schlüter
  • Dirk BehrendEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) plays a unique and fundamental role in the maintenance of the global (terrestrial and celestial) reference frames, which are required for precise positioning in many research areas such as the understanding and monitoring of global changes, and for space missions. The International VLBI Service for Geodesy and Astrometry (IVS) coordinates the global VLBI components and resources on an international basis. The service is tasked by the International Association of Geodesy (IAG) and International Astronomical Union (IAU) to provide products for the realization of the Celestial Reference Frame (CRF) through the positions of quasars, to deliver products for the maintenance of the terrestrial reference frame (TRF), such as station positions and their changes with time, and to generate products describing the rotation and orientation of the Earth. In particular, VLBI uniquely provides direct observations of nutation parameters and of the time difference UT1-UTC. This paper summarizes the evolution and current status of the IVS. It points out the activities to improve further on the product quality to meet future service requirements.

Keywords

International VLBI Service for Geodesy and Astrometry (IVS) Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) Earth orientation parameters (EOP) Terrestrial reference frame (TRF) Celestial reference frame (CRF) 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Bundesamt für Kartographie und GeodäsieFundamentalstation WettzellKötztingGermany
  2. 2.NVI Inc./Goddard Space Flight CenterGreenbeltUSA

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