Journal of Geodesy

, Volume 80, Issue 8–11, pp 403–417 | Cite as

The International DORIS Service: genesis and early achievements

  • G. Tavernier
  • H. Fagard
  • M. Feissel-Vernier
  • K. Le Bail
  • F. Lemoine
  • C. Noll
  • R. Noomen
  • J. C. Ries
  • L. Soudarin
  • J. J. Valette
  • P. Willis
Original Article

Abstract

All space-geodetic techniques are now organized as separate services of the International Association of Geodesy (IAG), supporting the first pilot project “Global Geodetic Observing System (GGOS)”. The International DORIS (Détermination d’Orbite et Radiopositionnement Intégrés par Satellite) Service (IDS) was created in mid-2003 to organize a DORIS contribution to this project and to foster a larger international cooperation on this topic. The goal of this paper is to summarize the key steps that were taken to create this structure and to present its current organization and recent results. At present, more than 50 groups from 35 different countries participate in the IDS at various levels, including 43 groups hosting DORIS stations in 32 countries all around the globe. Four Analysis Centres (ACs) provide results, such as estimates of weekly or monthly station coordinates, geocentre variations or Earth polar motion, that will soon be used to generate IDS-combined products for geodesy and geodynamics. As a first test, a preliminary combination was performed for all the 2004 data from these four ACs. Three of them show RMS of weighted station residuals with respect to this combination solution between 1 and 2 cm. The main topic under investigation is a discrepancy in the scale factor of the terrestrial reference frame (TRF) to map the individual solutions into the combination solution, which reaches 6 cm (multiplying the unit-less scale factor by the Earth radius to get convert scale to millimetre in vertical at the Earth’s surface). Finally, foreseen improvements of the DORIS technology are discussed as well as future improvements concerning the service organization itself and the accuracy and reliability of its scientific products.

Keywords

DORIS Global Geodetic Observing System (GGOS) Terrestrial reference frame (TRF) Precise orbit determination (POD) Earth rotation 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Tavernier
    • 1
  • H. Fagard
    • 2
  • M. Feissel-Vernier
    • 3
  • K. Le Bail
    • 4
  • F. Lemoine
    • 5
  • C. Noll
    • 11
  • R. Noomen
    • 6
  • J. C. Ries
    • 7
  • L. Soudarin
    • 8
  • J. J. Valette
    • 8
  • P. Willis
    • 9
    • 10
  1. 1.DCT/PO/AL-Bpi 2002Centre National d’Etudes SpatialesToulouse Cedex 9France
  2. 2.Service de la Géodesie et du NivellementInstitut Géographique NationalSaint-Mandé CedexFrance
  3. 3.SYRTE, Observatoire de ParisParisFrance
  4. 4.LAREG, Institut Géographique NationalMarne-la-Vallée Cedex 2France
  5. 5.NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC)Planetary Geodynamics, Code 698GreenbeltUSA
  6. 6.Faculty of Aerospace Engineering, Department of Earth Observation and Space SystemsDelft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands
  7. 7.Center for Space Research, Mail Code R1000The University of Texas at AustinAustinUSA
  8. 8.Collecte Localisation SatellitesRamonville Saint-AgneFrance
  9. 9.Direction Technique, Institut Géographique NationalSaint-MandéFrance
  10. 10.Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)California Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA
  11. 11.Crystal Dynamics Data Information System (CDDIS)NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), Code 690.5GreenbeltUSA

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